The year 1644 in music involved some significant events and new musical works.
- 21 June – Future Dean of Salisbury Thomas Pierce graduates M.A. from Magdalen College, Oxford, where he is noted as a "musician and poet".
- date unknown – Pieter and François Hemony cast the world's first tuned carillon, which is installed in Zutphen's Wijnhuistoren.
- Johannes Eccard & Johann Stobaeus – Part 2 of Der Preussischen Fest-Lieder: Von Ostern an biß Advent (The Prussian Feast-day Songs: from Easter to Advent) for five, six, seven, and eight voices (Königsberg: Johann Reusnern)
- Nicolaus à Kempis – Symphoniae, vol. 1
- Bonaventura Rubino – Vespro dello Stellario
- Barbara Strozzi – Il primo libro di madrigali
- Francesco Sacrati – La finta pazza
- Sigmund Theophil Staden – Seelewig, the first German singspiel
- Francesco Cavalli – La Deidamia and L'Ormindo
- January 14 – Thomas Britton, English concert promoter (died 1714)
- August 12 – Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber, German composer of sonatas (died 1704)
- December 23 – Tomás de Torrejón y Velasco, Peruvian organist and composer (died 1728)
- date unknown
- Maria Cattarina Calegari, Italian composer, singer, organist, and nun (died after 1675)
- Václav Karel Holan Rovenský, Czech organist and composer (died 1718)
- Ignazio Albertini, Italian violinist and composer (died 1685)
- Giovanni Battista Vitali, Italian composer of sonatas (died 1692)
- Robert Ramsey, British organist and composer (born 1590s)
- ^ Lehr, André (1991). The Art of the Carillon in the Low Countries. Tielt, Belgium: Lannoo. ISBN 90-209-1917-2.
- ^ a b Palisca, Claude V. (1991). Baroque Music. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. pp. 153, 160.
- ^ Thompson, Oscar; Slonimsky, Nicholas; Sabin, Robert; Bohle, Bruce, eds. (1985). The International Cyclopedia of Music and Musicians (11th ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead & Co. ISBN 0-396-08412-5.