13th Chess Olympiad

The 13th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open[1] team tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between September 30 and October 23, 1958, in Munich, West Germany.

The official poster of the Olympiad.

The Soviet team with 6 GMs, led by world champion Botvinnik, lived up to expectations and won their fourth gold medals in a row, with Yugoslavia and Argentina taking the silver and bronze, respectively. The West German hosts finished 7th, right behind rivals East Germany. The two neighbouring nations were tied on both game and match points, but the East Germans had won the match between the two.

ResultsEdit

PreliminariesEdit

A total of 36 teams entered the competition and were divided into four preliminary groups of nine teams each. The top three from each group advanced to Final A, the teams placed 4th–6th to Final B, and no. 7–9 to Final C. All groups and finals were played as round-robin tournaments.

Group 1 was won by the Soviet hosts, well ahead of Bulgaria and Austria. The Netherlands, Denmark, and France took the places 4–6, while Italy, Puerto Rico, and Ireland finished at the bottom of the group.

Spain caused a small surprise by taking first place in group 2, ahead of the resurrected US team and the host nation. Finland, Iceland, and Israel made up the middle part of the group, while Norway, South Africa, and Iran had to settle for the bottom.

Group 3 was won by Argentina, ahead of East Germany and England. Traditional chess power Hungary surprisingly had to settle for Final B, along with Poland and Colombia. Meanwhile, The Philippines, Scotland, and Lebanon finished at the bottom of the group.

Czechoslovakia clinched group 4, ahead of Yugoslavia and Switzerland. Canada, Sweden, and Belgium made up the middle part of the group, while Portugal, Tunisia, and Greece completed the field.

  • Group 1:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 + = Points
«A»   Soviet Union - 3 4 4 4 8 0 0 27
«A»   Bulgaria ½ - 3 2 4 5 2 1 21½
«A»   Austria 1 - 2 4 4 5 2 1 21
«B»   Netherlands 2 - 3 3 3 4 5 2 1 20½
«B»   Denmark 1 2 - 4 3 4 1 16½
«B»   France 0 0 1 - 2 4 3 4 1 14½
«C»   Italy 0 ½ 0 1 2 - 2 5 1 11
«C»   Puerto Rico ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ - 3 1 7 0 8
«C»   Ireland 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 1 - 1 7 0 4
  • Group 2:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 + = Points
«A»   Spain - 2 3 3 7 0 1 23½
«A»   United States 2 - 3 3 3 6 1 1 23
«A»   West Germany - 2 3 4 4 5 2 1 22
«B»   Finland 1 ½ 2 - 2 3 3 3 3 2 15½
«B»   Iceland 1 1 2 - 2 2 2 3 3 15½
«B»   Israel 1 1 1 - 2 3 3 3 4 1 15
«C»   Norway ½ 1 0 2 2 - 2 1 4 3 11½
«C»   South Africa ½ ½ 0 2 1 - 5 2 1 10½
«C»   Iran ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 2 - 0 7 1
  • Group 3:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 + = Points
«A»   Argentina - 2 3 4 4 6 1 1 23
«A»   East Germany - 3 2 3 4 6 1 1 21
«A»   England 1 - 3 2 3 3 4 5 2 1 20
«B»   Hungary 2 - 1 3 5 2 1 19½
«B»   Poland 2 1 - 2 4 3 3 2 19
«B»   Colombia 1 1 2 3 2 - 3 3 2 16½
«C»   Philippines ½ 1 ½ ½ - 2 4 2 5 1 12½
«C»   Scotland 0 1 ½ ½ 2 - 3 1 6 1 10
«C»   Lebanon 0 0 0 1 0 ½ 0 1 - 0 8 0
  • Group 4:
Final Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 + = Points
«A»   Czechoslovakia - 2 3 2 4 4 4 6 0 2 25
«A»   Yugoslavia 2 - 2 4 4 6 0 2 24
«A»    Switzerland 1 2 - 4 4 4 3 1 20
«B»   Canada 2 0 - 3 2 5 1 2 19
«B»   Sweden - 4 2 3 3 4 1 18½
«B»   Belgium 0 0 1 ½ - 3 5 0 10½
«C»   Portugal ½ ½ ½ 2 0 - 2 3 1 5 2 10
«C»   Tunisia 0 0 0 ½ 2 2 - 1 5 2
«C»   Greece 0 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ - 1 7 0

FinalEdit

Final A
# Country Players Points MP HTH
1   Soviet Union Botvinnik, Smyslov, Keres, Bronstein, Tal, Petrosian 34½
2   Yugoslavia Gligorić, Matanović, Ivkov, Trifunović, Đurašević, Fuderer 29
3   Argentina Pilnik, Panno, Eliskases, Redolfi, Sanguineti, Emma 25½
4   United States Reshevsky, Lombardy, Bisguier, Evans, Rossolimo 24
5   Czechoslovakia Pachman, Filip, Fichtl, Kozma, Rejfíř, Šefc 22 12
6   East Germany Uhlmann, Malich, Dittmann, Bertholdt, Fuchs, Pietzsch 22 11
7   West Germany Unzicker, Tröger, Schmid, Darga, Pfeiffer, Lehmann 22 11 ½
8    Switzerland Kupper, Blau, Keller, Walther, Nievergelt, Bhend 19
9   Spain Pomar, Pérez, Torán Albero, Farre, Albareda, Lladó Lumbera 17½
10   Bulgaria Neikirch, Bobotsov, Minev, Milev, Tringov, Padevsky 17
11   England Alexander, Penrose, Golombek, Clarke, Wade 16
12   Austria Dückstein, Prameshuber, Stöckl, Beni, Lokvenc 15½
Final B
# Country Players Points MP
13   Hungary Szabó, Barcza, Portisch, Bilek, Honfi, Forintos 31
14   Netherlands Euwe, Donner, Prins, van den Berg, Kramer, Roessel 28
15   Canada Yanofsky, Anderson, Vaitonis, Füster, Joyner, Siemms 24½ 17
16   Colombia Cuéllar, Sánchez, de Greiff, Martín 24½ 13
17   Israel Porat, Czerniak, Aloni, Smiltiner, Pilshchik, Kraidman 23½
18   Denmark Larsen, Andersen, Enevoldsen J., Pedersen, Ravn, Enevoldsen H. 23
19   Poland Śliwa, Tarnowski, Szukszta, Witkowski, Kostro, Brzózka 22½
20   Sweden Ståhlberg, Johansson, Sterner, Nilsson, Arnlind, Hörberg 21
21   Finland Ojanen, Böök, Rantanen, Fred, Koskinen, Hällström 19
22   Iceland Jóhannsson, Pálmason, Thorbergsson, Jónsson, Guðmundsson, Kristjánsson 18
23   France Raizman, Boutteville, Bergraser, Lemoine, Catozzi, Noradounguian 15
24   Belgium Dunkelblum, Franck, Van Schoor, Van den Broeck, Beyen, Weltjens 13½
Final C
# Country Players Points MP HTH
25   Norway Rojahn, Vestøl, Ofstad, Bøckman, Lindblom, Halvorsen 30
26   Philippines Cardoso, Campomanes, Borja, Aldecoa 29½
27   South Africa Heidenfeld, Dreyer, Kirby, Grivainis, Isaacson, Stern 28
28   Italy Primavera, Romani, Norcia, Palmiotto, Laco, Contedini 26½
29   Scotland Fairhurst, Aitken, Macleod, Perkins, Beckingham E., Thomson 25½
30   Greece Syngellakis, Aggos, Panagopoulos, Sakellaropoulos, Anastasopoulos, Zografakis 25
31   Portugal Durão, Oliveira, Ribeiro, Gonçalves, Pereira, Cardoso 23
32   Iran Safvat, Mashian, Pakdaman, Lotfy, Navabi, Assar 20
33   Puerto Rico Cintrón, Benítez, Reissmann, Llavandero, Azúar, Vissepó 14½ 4
34   Ireland Walsh, Reilly, Canton B., Loughrey, Russell A., Reid 14½ 4
35   Tunisia Lagha, Harrouchi, Kchouk, Ennigrou, Mohsen 14
36   Lebanon Chalabi, Gabriel, Tarazi, Allam, Succar 13½

Final A

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 + = Points
1   Soviet Union - 2 2 2 4 4 4 8 0 3 34½
2   Yugoslavia 2 - 3 2 9 0 2 29
3   Argentina 2 - 2 2 3 3 3 2 2 5 1 5 25½
4   United States 2 2 - 2 2 2 3 2 4 1 6 24
5   Czechoslovakia ½ 1 2 2 - 3 2 3 2 4 3 4 22
6   East Germany 0 ½ 1 2 - 3 4 5 5 1 22
7   West Germany 1 ½ - 3 2 5 5 1 22
8    Switzerland ½ ½ 1 1 - 3 4 7 0 19
9   Spain ½ 1 2 ½ 1 - 2 3 6 2 17½
10   Bulgaria ½ 2 2 1 2 2 - 0 7 4 17
11   England 0 1 1 - 2 9 0 16
12   Austria 0 2 2 2 2 0 ½ - 1 6 4 15½

Final B

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 + = Points
13   Hungary - 2 2 3 4 4 8 1 2 31
14   Netherlands ½ - 3 2 3 3 9 1 1 28½
15   Canada ½ - 1 2 8 2 1 24½
16   Colombia 2 3 - 3 1 2 2 5 3 3 24½
17   Israel 2 2 1 - 3 5 4 2 23½
18   Denmark 1 3 ½ - 2 4 2 4 5 2 23
19   Poland ½ 1 2 - 3 2 3 3 5 4 2 22½
20   Sweden 2 2 1 - 2 2 3 4 4 21
21   Finland 1 2 0 - 3 2 3 6 2 19
22   Iceland 1 ½ 2 2 1 - 3 2 7 2 18
23   France 0 ½ 2 1 2 1 - 1 8 2 15
24   Belgium 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 2 - 1 9 1 13½

Final C

Country 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 + = Points
25   Norway - 2 3 3 3 2 3 4 8 1 2 30
26   Philippines - 2 2 3 2 3 2 4 3 7 0 4 29½
27   South Africa 2 2 - 2 2 2 3 4 6 0 5 28
28   Italy 1 2 2 - 3 3 4 6 3 2 26½
29   Scotland 1 1 2 - 2 4 2 5 3 3 25½
30   Greece 1 2 2 2 - 2 3 3 6 1 4 25
31   Portugal 1 1 - 2 5 5 1 23
32   Iran 2 2 1 - 3 1 3 2 2 6 3 20
33   Puerto Rico 1 0 1 ½ 2 1 - 2 1 8 2 14½
34   Ireland ½ 0 0 2 3 - 1 2 1 8 2 14½
35   Tunisia 0 1 ½ 0 2 1 ½ 1 3 - 3 7 1 14
36   Lebanon ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 2 2 2 - 0 8 3 13½

Individual medalsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Although commonly referred to as the men's division, this section is open to both male and female players.