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.in is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for India.

. in
.in
Introduced 1989 (Fully Operational Since 1990)
TLD type Country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry INRegistry
Sponsor National Internet Exchange of India, Indian Network Information Center
Intended use Entities connected with  India
Actual use Very Popular in India. Liberalisation of registration rules in 2005 led to a great increase in registrations, including overseas registrations.
Registered domains 2.01 million+ (July 2016)[1][2]
Registration restrictions No restrictions on who can register second-level domains or most third-level domains; Varying Specific restrictions under some of those specialized subdomains
Structure May register at second level or at third level beneath generic-category 2nd level domains
Documents Policies
Dispute policies .IN Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (INDRP)
Website
DNSSEC Yes
.भारत
डॉटभारत.png
Logo for .भारत, launched on 27 Aug 2014
Introduced 2015
TLD type Internationalized country code top-level domain
Status Active
.இந்தியா
TLD type Internationalized country code top-level domain
Status Active
Registry registry.in
Registration restrictions No restrictions on who can register second-level domains or most third-level domains; restrictions under some specialized subdomains; should comply with certain Tamil phonological rules. [3]

The domain is operated by INRegistry under the authority of NIXI, the National Internet Exchange of India. INRegistry was appointed by the government of India.[citation needed]

As of 2009, This .in Website Domain Registrations is part of Network information Center - India.[citation needed]

Contents

Second-Level DomainsEdit

As of 2005, liberalized policies for the .in domain allow unlimited second-level registrations under .in. Unlimited registrations under the previously structured existing zones are also allowed:[4]

  • .in (available to anyone; used by companies, individuals, and organizations in India)
  • .co.in (originally for banks, registered companies, and trademarks)
  • .firm.in (originally for shops, partnerships, liaison offices, sole proprietorships)
  • .net.in (originally for Internet service providers)
  • .org.in (originally for non-profit organizations)
  • .gen.in (originally for general/miscellaneous use)
  • .ind.in (originally for individuals)

Zones reserved for use by qualified institutions in India:[4]

  • .ernet.in (Older, for both educational and research institutes)[5][6]
  • .ac.in (Academic institutions)
  • .edu.in (Educational institutions)
  • .res.in (Indian research institutes)
  • .gov.in (Indian government)
  • .mil.in (Indian military organizations)

Before the introduction of liberalized registration policies for the .in domain, only 7000 names had been registered between 1992 and 2004. As of March 2010, the number had increased to over 610,000 domain names, with 60% of registrations coming from India, and the rest from overseas.[7] By October 2011, the number had surpassed 1 million domain names.[8] As of March 2016 the number has more than doubled to over 2 million domain names. [9]

The domain .nic.in is reserved for India's National Informatics Center, but in practice most Indian government agencies have domains ending in .nic.in.

Internationalized domain names and country codesEdit

India plans to introduce internationalized domain names, that is domain names in 22 local languages used in India. These internationalized domain names will be used together with fifteen new top domains for India.

These top domains are:

  • .भारत (Devanagari), became available with the following zones:[10]
Devanagari string Transliterated string
भारत .bharat
कंपनी.भारत company.bharat
विद्या.भारत vidya.bharat
सरकार.भारत sarkar.bharat
  • .இந்தியா (Tamil), available as of 2015.[11]
  • .ভারত (Bengali), available as of 2017
  • .ਭਾਰਤ (Gurmukhī), only ਡਾਟਾਮੇਲ.ਭਾਰਤ as of August 2017
  • .ભારત (Gujarati), available as of 2017
  • .భారత్ (Telugu), available as of 2017
  • .بھارت (Urdu) only ڈاٹامیل.بھارت as of August 2017 (mainly right-to-left character order)

In 2016 an application for eight further domains were accepted. They are not yet available (as of October 2016):[12]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Registry.In | .IN is India’s Country Code Top Level domain (ccTLD)". IN Registry. National Internet eXchange of India. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  2. ^ Agarwal, Surabhi; Alawadhi, Neha (27 July 2016). "IT Ministry plans ad campaign to promote .in domain name". The Economic Times. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  3. ^ http://registry.in/system/files/INTERNATIONALIZED_DOMAIN_NAMES-TAMIL.pdf
  4. ^ a b "IN Registry Policies". Registry.In. 1 January 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  5. ^ "ERNET Domain Registration". ERNET. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  6. ^ "ERNET's registry". ERNET. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Chatterjee, Moumita Bakshi (March 13, 2010). "‘.in' domain registration crosses six-lakh mark". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved May 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ ".IN Passes One Million Registrations And Looks To Future For Growth". 
  9. ^ "There are Over 2 Million .in (India) Registered Domains". 
  10. ^ "Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs)". 
  11. ^ http://தளம்.தமிழ்.இந்தியா
  12. ^ Pai, Vivek (18 April 2016). "ICANN approves Kannada, Malayalam, Assamese & Oriya domain names". 

External links and referencesEdit