# Arrow (symbol)

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Advertising billboards in Japan featuring many different arrow symbols.

An arrow is a graphical symbol, such as ← or →, or a pictogram, used to point or indicate direction. In its simplest form, an arrow is a triangle, chevron, or concave kite, usually[1] affixed to a line segment or rectangle, and in more complex forms a representation of an actual arrow (e.g. ➵ U+27B5). The direction indicated by an arrow is the one along the length of the line or rectangle towards the single pointed end.

## History

The typographical symbol developed in the 18th century[citation needed] as an abstraction from arrow projectiles. Its use is comparable to that of the older (medieval) manicule (pointing hand, 👈). Also comparable is the use of a fleur-de-lis symbol indicating north in a compass rose by Pedro Reinel (c. 1504). An early arrow symbol is found in an illustration of Bernard Forest de Bélidor's treatise L'architecture hydraulique, printed in France in 1737. The arrow is here used to illustrate the direction of the flow of water and of the water wheel's rotation. At about the same time, arrow symbols were used to indicate the flow of rivers in maps. A trend towards abstraction, in which the arrow's fletching is removed, can be observed in the mid-to-late 19th century. In a further abstraction of the symbol, John Richard Green's A Short History of the English People of 1874 contained maps by cartographer Emil Reich, which indicated army movements by curved lines, with solid triangular arrowheads placed intermittently along the lines.

Use of arrow symbols in mathematical notation originates in the early 20th century.[citation needed] David Hilbert in 1922 introduced the arrow symbol representing logical implication. The double-headed arrow representing logical equivalence was introduced by Albrecht Becker in Die Aristotelische Theorie der Möglichkeitsschlüsse, Berlin, 1933.

## Usage

An exit sign with an arrow to indicate the exit is to the left

Arrows are universally recognised for indicating directions.[1] They are widely used on signage and for wayfinding,[1] and are often used in road surface markings.

Upwards pointing arrows are often used to indicate an increase in a numerical value, and downwards pointing arrows indicate a decrease.

## Arrows in Unicode

In Unicode, the block Arrows occupies the hexadecimal range U+2190–U+21FF, as described below.

Symbol Name Symbol Name Symbol Name Symbol Name
Hex Hex Hex Hex
Picture of this symbol Picture of this symbol Picture of this symbol Picture of this symbol
Leftwards Arrow Rightwards Arrow With Loop Upwards Paired Arrows Leftwards Arrow To Bar
U+2190 U+21ac U+21c8 U+21e4

Upwards Arrow Left Right Wave Arrow Rightwards Paired Arrows Rightwards Arrow To Bar

Rightwards Arrow Left Right Arrow With Stroke Downwards Paired Arrows Leftwards Thick Arrow
U+2192 U+21ae U+21ca U+21e6

Downwards Arrow Downwards Zigzag Arrow Leftwards Harpoon Over Rightwards Harpoon Upwards Thick Arrow
U+2193 U+21af U+21cb U+21e7

Left Right Arrow Upwards Arrow With Tip Leftwards Rightwards Harpoon Over Leftwards Harpoon Rightwards Thick Arrow
U+2194 U+21b0 U+21cc U+21e8

Up Down Arrow Upwards Arrow With Tip Rightwards Leftwards Double Arrow With Stroke Downwards Thick Arrow
U+2195 U+21b1 U+21cd U+21e9

North West Arrow Downwards Arrow With Tip Leftwards Left Right Double Arrow With Stroke Upwards Thick Arrow From Bar
U+2196 U+21b2 U+21ce U+21ea

North East Arrow Downwards Arrow With Tip Rightwards Rightwards Double Arrow With Stroke Upwards Thick Arrow On Pedestal
U+2197 U+21b3 U+21cf U+21eb

South East Arrow Rightwards Arrow With Corner Downwards Leftwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Arrow On Pedestal With Horizontal Bar
U+2198 U+21b4 U+21d0 U+21ec

South West Arrow Downwards Arrow With Corner Leftwards Upwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Arrow On Pedestal With Vertical Bar
U+2199 U+21b5 U+21d1 U+21ed

Leftwards Arrow With Stroke Anticlockwise Top Semicircle Arrow Rightwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Double Arrow
U+219a U+21b6 U+21d2 U+21ee

Rightwards Arrow With Stroke Clockwise Top Semicircle Arrow Downwards Double Arrow Upwards Thick Double Arrow On Pedestal
U+219b U+21b7 U+21d3 U+21ef

Leftwards Wave Arrow North West Arrow To Long Bar Left Right Double Arrow Rightwards Thick Arrow From Wall
U+219c U+21b8 U+21d4 U+21f0

Rightwards Wave Arrow Leftwards Arrow To Bar Over Rightwards Arrow To Bar Up Down Double Arrow North West Arrow To Corner
U+219d U+21b9 U+21d5 U+21f1

Leftwards Two Headed Arrow Anticlockwise Open Circle Arrow North West Double Arrow South East Arrow To Corner
U+219e U+21ba U+21d6 U+21f2

Upwards Two Headed Arrow Clockwise Open Circle Arrow North East Double Arrow Up Down Thick Arrow
U+219f U+21bb U+21d7 U+21f3

Rightwards Two Headed Arrow Leftwards Harpoon With Barb Upwards South East Double Arrow Right Arrow With Small Circle
U+21a0 U+21bc U+21d8 U+21f4

Downwards Two Headed Arrow Leftwards Harpoon With Barb Downwards South West Double Arrow Downwards Arrow Leftwards Of Upwards Arrow
U+21a1 U+21bd U+21d9 U+21f5

Leftwards Arrow With Tail Upwards Harpoon With Barb Rightwards Leftwards Triple Arrow Three Rightwards Arrows
U+21a2 U+21be U+21da U+21f6

Rightwards Arrow With Tail Upwards Harpoon With Barb Leftwards Rightwards Triple Arrow Leftwards Arrow With Vertical Stroke
U+21a3 U+21bf U+21db U+21f7

Leftwards Arrow From Bar Rightwards Harpoon With Barb Upwards Leftwards Squiggle Arrow Rightwards Arrow With Vertical Stroke
U+21a4 U+21c0 U+21dc U+21f8

Upwards Arrow From Bar Rightwards Harpoon With Barb Downwards Rightwards Squiggle Arrow Left Right Arrow With Vertical Stroke
U+21a5 U+21c1 U+21dd U+21f9

Rightwards Arrow From Bar Downwards Harpoon With Barb Rightwards Upwards Arrow With Double Stroke Leftwards Arrow With Double Vertical Stroke
U+21a6 U+21c2 U+21de U+21fa

Downwards Arrow From Bar Downwards Harpoon With Barb Leftwards Downwards Arrow With Double Stroke Rightwards Arrow With Double Vertical Stroke
U+21a7 U+21c3 U+21df U+21fb

Up Down Arrow With Base Rightwards Arrow Over Leftwards Arrow Leftwards Dashed Arrow Left Right Arrow With Double Vertical Stroke
U+21a8 U+21c4 U+21e0 U+21fc

Leftwards Arrow With Hook Upwards Arrow Leftwards Of Downwards Arrow Upwards Dashed Arrow Leftwards Open-Headed Arrow
U+21a9 U+21c5 U+21e1 U+21fd

Rightwards Arrow With Hook Leftwards Arrow Over Rightwards Arrow Rightwards Dashed Arrow Rightwards Open-Headed Arrow
U+21aa U+21c6 U+21e2 U+21fe

Leftwards Arrow With Loop Leftwards Paired Arrows Downwards Dashed Arrow Left Right Open-Headed Arrow
U+21ab U+21c7 U+21e3 U+21ff

### Arrows by Unicode block

 Arrows[1]Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+219x ← ↑ → ↓ ↔ ↕ ↖ ↗ ↘ ↙ ↚ ↛ ↜ ↝ ↞ ↟ U+21Ax ↠ ↡ ↢ ↣ ↤ ↥ ↦ ↧ ↨ ↩ ↪ ↫ ↬ ↭ ↮ ↯ U+21Bx ↰ ↱ ↲ ↳ ↴ ↵ ↶ ↷ ↸ ↹ ↺ ↻ ↼ ↽ ↾ ↿ U+21Cx ⇀ ⇁ ⇂ ⇃ ⇄ ⇅ ⇆ ⇇ ⇈ ⇉ ⇊ ⇋ ⇌ ⇍ ⇎ ⇏ U+21Dx ⇐ ⇑ ⇒ ⇓ ⇔ ⇕ ⇖ ⇗ ⇘ ⇙ ⇚ ⇛ ⇜ ⇝ ⇞ ⇟ U+21Ex ⇠ ⇡ ⇢ ⇣ ⇤ ⇥ ⇦ ⇧ ⇨ ⇩ ⇪ ⇫ ⇬ ⇭ ⇮ ⇯ U+21Fx ⇰ ⇱ ⇲ ⇳ ⇴ ⇵ ⇶ ⇷ ⇸ ⇹ ⇺ ⇻ ⇼ ⇽ ⇾ ⇿ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
 Dingbats[1]Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+270x ✀ ✁ ✂ ✃ ✄ ✅ ✆ ✇ ✈ ✉ ✊ ✋ ✌ ✍ ✎ ✏ U+271x ✐ ✑ ✒ ✓ ✔ ✕ ✖ ✗ ✘ ✙ ✚ ✛ ✜ ✝ ✞ ✟ U+272x ✠ ✡ ✢ ✣ ✤ ✥ ✦ ✧ ✨ ✩ ✪ ✫ ✬ ✭ ✮ ✯ U+273x ✰ ✱ ✲ ✳ ✴ ✵ ✶ ✷ ✸ ✹ ✺ ✻ ✼ ✽ ✾ ✿ U+274x ❀ ❁ ❂ ❃ ❄ ❅ ❆ ❇ ❈ ❉ ❊ ❋ ❌ ❍ ❎ ❏ U+275x ❐ ❑ ❒ ❓ ❔ ❕ ❖ ❗ ❘ ❙ ❚ ❛ ❜ ❝ ❞ ❟ U+276x ❠ ❡ ❢ ❣ ❤ ❥ ❦ ❧ ❨ ❩ ❪ ❫ ❬ ❭ ❮ ❯ U+277x ❰ ❱ ❲ ❳ ❴ ❵ ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❻ ❼ ❽ ❾ ❿ U+278x ➀ ➁ ➂ ➃ ➄ ➅ ➆ ➇ ➈ ➉ ➊ ➋ ➌ ➍ ➎ ➏ U+279x ➐ ➑ ➒ ➓ ➔ ➕ ➖ ➗ ➘ ➙ ➚ ➛ ➜ ➝ ➞ ➟ U+27Ax ➠ ➡ ➢ ➣ ➤ ➥ ➦ ➧ ➨ ➩ ➪ ➫ ➬ ➭ ➮ ➯ U+27Bx ➰ ➱ ➲ ➳ ➴ ➵ ➶ ➷ ➸ ➹ ➺ ➻ ➼ ➽ ➾ ➿ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
 Miscellaneous Symbols and Arrows[1][2]Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+2B0x ⬀ ⬁ ⬂ ⬃ ⬄ ⬅ ⬆ ⬇ ⬈ ⬉ ⬊ ⬋ ⬌ ⬍ ⬎ ⬏ U+2B1x ⬐ ⬑ ⬒ ⬓ ⬔ ⬕ ⬖ ⬗ ⬘ ⬙ ⬚ ⬛ ⬜ ⬝ ⬞ ⬟ U+2B2x ⬠ ⬡ ⬢ ⬣ ⬤ ⬥ ⬦ ⬧ ⬨ ⬩ ⬪ ⬫ ⬬ ⬭ ⬮ ⬯ U+2B3x ⬰ ⬱ ⬲ ⬳ ⬴ ⬵ ⬶ ⬷ ⬸ ⬹ ⬺ ⬻ ⬼ ⬽ ⬾ ⬿ U+2B4x ⭀ ⭁ ⭂ ⭃ ⭄ ⭅ ⭆ ⭇ ⭈ ⭉ ⭊ ⭋ ⭌ ⭍ ⭎ ⭏ U+2B5x ⭐ ⭑ ⭒ ⭓ ⭔ ⭕ ⭖ ⭗ ⭘ ⭙ ⭚ ⭛ ⭜ ⭝ ⭞ ⭟ U+2B6x ⭠ ⭡ ⭢ ⭣ ⭤ ⭥ ⭦ ⭧ ⭨ ⭩ ⭪ ⭫ ⭬ ⭭ ⭮ ⭯ U+2B7x ⭰ ⭱ ⭲ ⭳ ⭶ ⭷ ⭸ ⭹ ⭺ ⭻ ⭼ ⭽ ⭾ ⭿ U+2B8x ⮀ ⮁ ⮂ ⮃ ⮄ ⮅ ⮆ ⮇ ⮈ ⮉ ⮊ ⮋ ⮌ ⮍ ⮎ ⮏ U+2B9x ⮐ ⮑ ⮒ ⮓ ⮔ ⮕ ⮘ ⮙ ⮚ ⮛ ⮜ ⮝ ⮞ ⮟ U+2BAx ⮠ ⮡ ⮢ ⮣ ⮤ ⮥ ⮦ ⮧ ⮨ ⮩ ⮪ ⮫ ⮬ ⮭ ⮮ ⮯ U+2BBx ⮰ ⮱ ⮲ ⮳ ⮴ ⮵ ⮶ ⮷ ⮸ ⮹ ⮺ ⮻ ⮼ ⮽ ⮾ ⮿ U+2BCx ⯀ ⯁ ⯂ ⯃ ⯄ ⯅ ⯆ ⯇ ⯈ ⯉ ⯊ ⯋ ⯌ ⯍ ⯎ ⯏ U+2BDx ⯐ ⯑ ⯒ ⯓ ⯔ ⯕ ⯖ ⯗ ⯘ ⯙ ⯚ ⯛ ⯜ ⯝ ⯞ ⯟ U+2BEx ⯠ ⯡ ⯢ ⯣ ⯤ ⯥ ⯦ ⯧ ⯨ ⯩ ⯪ ⯫ ⯬ ⯭ ⯮ ⯯ U+2BFx ⯰ ⯱ ⯲ ⯳ ⯴ ⯵ ⯶ ⯷ ⯸ ⯹ ⯺ ⯻ ⯼ ⯽ ⯾ ⯿ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points
 Supplemental Arrows-A[1]Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+27Fx ⟰ ⟱ ⟲ ⟳ ⟴ ⟵ ⟶ ⟷ ⟸ ⟹ ⟺ ⟻ ⟼ ⟽ ⟾ ⟿ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
 Supplemental Arrows-B[1]Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+290x ⤀ ⤁ ⤂ ⤃ ⤄ ⤅ ⤆ ⤇ ⤈ ⤉ ⤊ ⤋ ⤌ ⤍ ⤎ ⤏ U+291x ⤐ ⤑ ⤒ ⤓ ⤔ ⤕ ⤖ ⤗ ⤘ ⤙ ⤚ ⤛ ⤜ ⤝ ⤞ ⤟ U+292x ⤠ ⤡ ⤢ ⤣ ⤤ ⤥ ⤦ ⤧ ⤨ ⤩ ⤪ ⤫ ⤬ ⤭ ⤮ ⤯ U+293x ⤰ ⤱ ⤲ ⤳ ⤴ ⤵ ⤶ ⤷ ⤸ ⤹ ⤺ ⤻ ⤼ ⤽ ⤾ ⤿ U+294x ⥀ ⥁ ⥂ ⥃ ⥄ ⥅ ⥆ ⥇ ⥈ ⥉ ⥊ ⥋ ⥌ ⥍ ⥎ ⥏ U+295x ⥐ ⥑ ⥒ ⥓ ⥔ ⥕ ⥖ ⥗ ⥘ ⥙ ⥚ ⥛ ⥜ ⥝ ⥞ ⥟ U+296x ⥠ ⥡ ⥢ ⥣ ⥤ ⥥ ⥦ ⥧ ⥨ ⥩ ⥪ ⥫ ⥬ ⥭ ⥮ ⥯ U+297x ⥰ ⥱ ⥲ ⥳ ⥴ ⥵ ⥶ ⥷ ⥸ ⥹ ⥺ ⥻ ⥼ ⥽ ⥾ ⥿ Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
 Supplemental Arrows-C[1][2]Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F U+1F80x 🠀 🠁 🠂 🠃 🠄 🠅 🠆 🠇 🠈 🠉 🠊 🠋 U+1F81x 🠐 🠑 🠒 🠓 🠔 🠕 🠖 🠗 🠘 🠙 🠚 🠛 🠜 🠝 🠞 🠟 U+1F82x 🠠 🠡 🠢 🠣 🠤 🠥 🠦 🠧 🠨 🠩 🠪 🠫 🠬 🠭 🠮 🠯 U+1F83x 🠰 🠱 🠲 🠳 🠴 🠵 🠶 🠷 🠸 🠹 🠺 🠻 🠼 🠽 🠾 🠿 U+1F84x 🡀 🡁 🡂 🡃 🡄 🡅 🡆 🡇 U+1F85x 🡐 🡑 🡒 🡓 🡔 🡕 🡖 🡗 🡘 🡙 U+1F86x 🡠 🡡 🡢 🡣 🡤 🡥 🡦 🡧 🡨 🡩 🡪 🡫 🡬 🡭 🡮 🡯 U+1F87x 🡰 🡱 🡲 🡳 🡴 🡵 🡶 🡷 🡸 🡹 🡺 🡻 🡼 🡽 🡾 🡿 U+1F88x 🢀 🢁 🢂 🢃 🢄 🢅 🢆 🢇 U+1F89x 🢐 🢑 🢒 🢓 🢔 🢕 🢖 🢗 🢘 🢙 🢚 🢛 🢜 🢝 🢞 🢟 U+1F8Ax 🢠 🢡 🢢 🢣 🢤 🢥 🢦 🢧 🢨 🢩 🢪 🢫 🢬 🢭 U+1F8Bx U+1F8Cx U+1F8Dx U+1F8Ex U+1F8Fx Notes 1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0 2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points