ݨ, (Arabic letter noon with small tah (U+0768), ṇūṇ), is an additional letter of the Arabic script,[1] not used in the Arabic alphabet itself but used in Saraiki, Shina and Shahmukhi Punjabi to represent a retroflex nasal consonant, [ɳ].

ڼ is the twenty-ninth letter of Pashto alphabet. It represents the velar nasal letter (IPA: [ɳ] ) or Ṇ in Latin Alphabets, which is in Devanagari and in Gurmukhi.[2]

It is a retroflex nasal consonantal sound symbol, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ɳ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is n`. Like all the retroflex consonants, the IPA symbol is formed by adding a rightward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of an en (the letter used for the corresponding alveolar consonant). It is similar to ⟨ɲ⟩, the letter for the palatal nasal, which has a leftward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of the left stem, and to ⟨ŋ⟩, the letter for the velar nasal, which has a leftward-pointing hook extending from the bottom of the right stem. The unicode for saraiki letter ݨ was approved in 2005.[3] Saraiki (and rarely in Shahmukhi Punjabi) uses the letter ⟨ݨ⟩ for /ɳ/. Previously, نڑ was used to represent a Voiced retroflex nasal.

It is a compound of nūn and ṛe ⟨ڑ⟩, for example:

کݨ مݨ، چھݨ چھݨ، ونڄݨ۔

FormsEdit

Position in word Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
(Help)
ݨ ـݨ ـݨـ ݨـ

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://graphemica.com/%DD%A8[bare URL]
  2. ^ Razai Che Pukhto Walwalu (Pashto book)
  3. ^ "Unicode Character 'Arabic Letter Dal With Two Dots Vertically Below and Small Tah' (U+0759)".

External linksEdit