Şırnak

  (Redirected from Şirnak)

Şırnak (Kurdish: Şirnex)[3][4] is a town and district in southeastern Turkey. It is the capital of Şırnak Province. The Habur border gate with Iraq which is one of Turkey's main links to the Kurdistan Region and Iraq is also on Şırnak.

Şırnak
Sirnak-tr-2490.jpg
Şırnak is located in Turkey
Şırnak
Şırnak
Şırnak is located in Asia
Şırnak
Şırnak
Şırnak is located in Earth
Şırnak
Şırnak
Coordinates: 37°30′59″N 42°27′40″E / 37.51639°N 42.46111°E / 37.51639; 42.46111Coordinates: 37°30′59″N 42°27′40″E / 37.51639°N 42.46111°E / 37.51639; 42.46111
CountryTurkey
ProvinceŞırnak
Government
 • MayorMehmet Yarka (AKP)
 • GovernorMehmet Aktaş
Area
 • District1,863.61 km2 (719.54 sq mi)
Elevation
1,650 m (5,410 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
63,298
 • District
87,719
 • District density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Websitewww.sirnak.bel.tr www.sirnak.gov.tr

Composition of Şırnak DistrictEdit

Settlement Ethnicity (tribe)
Şırnak (Şirnex) Kurdish (Şirnexî)[5]
Akçay (Dêra) Kurdish (Dêrşewî)[6]
Araköy (Kirun) Kurdish (Berwarî)[7]
Atbaşı (Fêrisan) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Bağpınar (Çînete) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Balveren (Melê) Kurdish (Berwarî)[7]
Başağaç (Medikeyan) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Dağkonak (Nerex) Kurdish (Berwarî)[7]
Geçitboyu (Bîryan) Kurdish (Berwarî)[7]
Güneyce (Banê) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Güneyçam (Navyan) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Ikizce (Milga Şantiyê)
Kasrik Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Kavuncu (Nanîp) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Kayaboyun (Şerefî) Kurdish (Dêrşewî)[6]
Kırkkuyu (Deştalela) Kurdish (Dêrşewî)[6]
Kızılsu (Zûrîn) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Koçbeyi (Banê Mihinda) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Körüklükaya (Nehke)
Kumçatı (Dergul) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Toptepe (Avka meziyan) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Yeniaslanbaşar (Mila Kere) Kurdish (Botikan)[8]
Yoğurtçular (Heştan) Kurdish (Şirnexî)[5]

HistoryEdit

 
Mount Judi in Şırnak

1992 Turkish military operationEdit

On 18 August 1992, fighting broke out between Turkish security forces and Kurdish separatists of the PKK. 20,000 out of 25,000 residents fled the city during the three days of fighting.

While the town was under bombardment, there was no way to get an account of what was happening in the region as journalists were prevented from entering the city centre which was completely burned down by the security forces. Şırnak was under fire for three days and tanks and cannons were used to hit buildings occupied by civilians.[9]

2016 Turkish military operationEdit

On 13 March 2016 military operations by Turkish security forces began against PKK. The military curfew imposed on the Kurdish city was lifted after 246 days. Neighbourhoods like Gazipaşa, Yeşilyurt, İsmetpaşa, Dicle, Cumhuriyet and Bahçelievler were completely destroyed in the war.[10]

PoliticsEdit

On 15 October 2011 it was announced that the Ministry of the Interior had suspended him from his functions.[11]

On March 29, 2019, elections, the mayor of Sirnak became AKP Mehmet Yarka (19.718 or 61,72%).[12]

GeographyEdit

The population of Şırnak province is 430,424 (2009 census) living in an area extending over 7,172 square kilometers. The population of the Şırnak city is 63,664. The total fertility rate is one of the highest in Turkey at 3.21 children per woman.

ClimateEdit

Şırnak has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa, Trewartha: Cs) with chilly, snowy winters and very hot, dry summers. Humidity is always low throughout the year due to its inland location. February and March are the wettest months, July and August are the driest, with virtually no precipitation at all.

Climate data for Şırnak (1991–2020, extremes 1970–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
17.3
(63.1)
24.8
(76.6)
29.0
(84.2)
31.8
(89.2)
37.5
(99.5)
40.4
(104.7)
40.3
(104.5)
37.1
(98.8)
31.3
(88.3)
22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.4
(45.3)
12.0
(53.6)
16.7
(62.1)
23.0
(73.4)
30.1
(86.2)
34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
29.4
(84.9)
22.0
(71.6)
13.5
(56.3)
8.4
(47.1)
19.7
(67.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.8
(38.8)
8.1
(46.6)
12.5
(54.5)
18.7
(65.7)
25.3
(77.5)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
24.7
(76.5)
17.8
(64.0)
9.9
(49.8)
5.1
(41.2)
15.6
(60.1)
Average low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
0.5
(32.9)
4.2
(39.6)
8.2
(46.8)
13.9
(57.0)
20.1
(68.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
19.7
(67.5)
13.3
(55.9)
6.0
(42.8)
1.7
(35.1)
11.3
(52.3)
Record low °C (°F) −14.5
(5.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−4.7
(23.5)
0.8
(33.4)
9.2
(48.6)
13.1
(55.6)
15.0
(59.0)
3.2
(37.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
−5.0
(23.0)
−10.8
(12.6)
−14.5
(5.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 107.3
(4.22)
103.8
(4.09)
125.8
(4.95)
115.1
(4.53)
52.6
(2.07)
5.3
(0.21)
6.1
(0.24)
0.7
(0.03)
13.2
(0.52)
54.6
(2.15)
82.5
(3.25)
101.2
(3.98)
768.2
(30.24)
Average precipitation days 9.04 9.11 10.52 10.44 6.74 1.70 0.78 0.48 1.07 5.81 7.63 10.22 73.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 96.1 121.5 170.5 219.0 263.5 318.0 347.2 350.3 306.0 223.2 153.0 99.2 2,667.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 3.1 4.3 5.5 7.3 8.5 10.6 11.2 11.3 10.2 7.2 5.1 3.2 7.3
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Jwaideh, Wadie (1919-03-19). The Kurdish national movement: its. ISBN 9780815630937. Retrieved 2010-08-22 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Koerdisch kind blind geraakt door Turkse politie". Rudaw.nl. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
  5. ^ a b Baz, Ibrahim (2016). Şırnak aşiretleri ve kültürü (in Turkish). p. 114. ISBN 9786058849631.
  6. ^ a b c Baz, Ibrahim (2016). Şırnak aşiretleri ve kültürü (in Turkish). p. 131. ISBN 9786058849631.
  7. ^ a b c d Baz, Ibrahim (2016). Şırnak aşiretleri ve kültürü (in Turkish). p. 121. ISBN 9786058849631.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Baz, Ibrahim (2016). Şırnak aşiretleri ve kültürü (in Turkish). p. 76. ISBN 9786058849631.
  9. ^ nytimes
  10. ^ "246 Days After Curfew and Siege: Sirnak in Photos - KurdishQuestion.com". Archived from the original on 2016-11-17.
  11. ^ "31 elected Kurdish politicians dismissed without waiting trials' results". Dicle News Agency. 2011-10-15. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
  12. ^ http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/secim/31-mart-2019-yerel-secimleri/sirnak-belediye-baskani-adaylari
  13. ^ "Resmi İstatistikler: İllerimize Ait Mevism Normalleri (1991–2020)" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 3 May 2021.