Zygophyllum is the type genus of the flowering plant family Zygophyllaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ζυγόν (zygon), meaning "double", and φυλλον (phyllon), meaning "leaf".[3] It refers to the leaves, each of which have two leaflets.

Zygophyllum
Morsana1.JPG
Zygophyllum fabago
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Zygophyllales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Subfamily: Zygophylloideae
Genus: Zygophyllum
L.[1]
Species

See text

Synonyms[1][2]
Zygophyllum fabago leaflets

The genus is distributed in arid and semi-arid regions of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, central Asia and Australia.[1]

Molecular phylogenetic analysis suggested that as previously circumscribed, Zygophyllum was not monophyletic, and the genus was split among a number of other genera, including Augea, Fagonia, Roepera and Tetraena.[4]

SpeciesEdit

In accordance with International Plant Names Index, genus Zygophyllum currently has 117 accepted species:[1]

  • Zygophyllum acerosum (Boiss.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum aegyptium Hosny
  • Zygophyllum album L.f.
  • Zygophyllum applanatum Van Zyl
  • Zygophyllum arabicum (L.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum atriplicoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum augea Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum balchaschense Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum betpakdalense Golosk. & Semiotr.
  • Zygophyllum borissovae Beier & Thulin
  • Zygophyllum brachypterum Kar. & Kir.
  • Zygophyllum bruguieri (DC.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum bucharicum B.Fedtsch.
  • Zygophyllum californicum (Benth.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum charoides (Chiov.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum chilense (Hook. & Arn.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum chrysopteron Retief
  • Zygophyllum clavatum Schltr. & Diels
  • Zygophyllum coccineum L.
  • Zygophyllum cornutum Coss.
  • Zygophyllum creticum (L.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum cuspidatum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum cylindrifolium Schinz
  • Zygophyllum darvasicum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum decumbens Delile
  • Zygophyllum densispinum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum densum (I.M.Johnst.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum dregeanum Sond.
  • Zygophyllum dumosum Boiss.
  • Zygophyllum eichwaldii C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum fabago L.
  • Zygophyllum fabagoides Popov
  • Zygophyllum fontanesii Webb & Berthel.
  • Zygophyllum furcatum C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum gaetulum Emb. & Maire
  • Zygophyllum geslinii Coss.
  • Zygophyllum giessii Merxm. & A.Schreib.
  • Zygophyllum glutinosum (Delile) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum gobicum Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum gontscharovii Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum gypsophilum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum hadramauticum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum hamiense Schweinf.
  • Zygophyllum harpago (Emb. & Maire) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum heterocladum Rech.f. & Patzak
  • Zygophyllum iliense Popov
  • Zygophyllum indicum (Burm.f.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum jaxarticum Popov
  • Zygophyllum kansuense Y.X.Liou
  • Zygophyllum karatavicum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum kaschgaricum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum kegense Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum kopalense Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum laeve (Standl.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum lahovarii (Volkens & Schweinf.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum latistipulatum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum lehmannianum Bunge
  • Zygophyllum loczyi Kanitz
  • Zygophyllum longicapsulare Schinz
  • Zygophyllum longistipulatum Schinz
  • Zygophyllum luntii (Baker) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum macropodum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum madagascariense (Baill.) Stauffer
  • Zygophyllum madecassum H.Perrier
  • Zygophyllum mahranum (Beier) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum mandavillei Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum mayanum (Schltdl.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum melongena Bunge
  • Zygophyllum microcarpum Licht. ex Cham.
  • Zygophyllum migiurtinorum Chiov.
  • Zygophyllum miniatum Cham.
  • Zygophyllum minutistipulum (Engl.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum molle (Delile) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum mongolicum (Maxim.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum mucronatum Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum neglectum Grubov
  • Zygophyllum obliquum Popov
  • Zygophyllum olivieri (DC.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum orientale (C.Presl) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum ovigerum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Bunge
  • Zygophyllum oxianum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum oxycarpum Popov
  • Zygophyllum pachyacanthum (Rydb.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum palmeri (Vasey & Rose) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum pamiricum Grubov
  • Zygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum pinnatum Cham.
  • Zygophyllum potaninii Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum prismaticum Chiov.
  • Zygophyllum prismatocarpum Sond.
  • Zygophyllum procumbens Adamson
  • Zygophyllum propinquum Decne.
  • Zygophyllum pterocarpum Bunge
  • Zygophyllum pterocaule Van Zyl
  • Zygophyllum qatarense Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum retrofractum Thunb.
  • Zygophyllum rigidum Schinz
  • Zygophyllum rosowii Bunge
  • Zygophyllum scabrum (Forssk.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum scoparium (Brandegee) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum simplex'' L.
  • Zygophyllum sinkiangense Y.X.Liou
  • Zygophyllum smithii Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum somalense Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum spinosissimum (Blatt. & Hallb.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum stapffii Schinz
  • Zygophyllum steropterum Schrenk
  • Zygophyllum subinerme (Boiss.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum subtrijugum C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum sulcatum Huysst.
  • Zygophyllum taldykurganicum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum tenue R.Glover
  • Zygophyllum trialatum Blatt. & Hallb.
  • Zygophyllum turcomanicum Fisch. ex Boiss.
  • Zygophyllum villosum (D.M.Porter) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum xanthoxylum (Bunge) Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum zilloides (Humbert) Christenh. & Byng

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Zygophyllum L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  2. ^ "Genus: Zygophyllum L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-06-18. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  4. ^ Beier, B.-A.; Chase, M. W.; Thulin, M. (2003). "Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of subfamily Zygophylloideae (Zygophyllaceae) based on molecular and morphological data". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 240: 11. doi:10.1007/s00606-003-0007-0.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Zygophyllum at Wikimedia Commons   Data related to Zygophyllum at Wikispecies