Ziri ibn Manad or Ziri son of Mennad (died in 971) was the founder of the Zirid dynasty in the Berber world.

Ziri ibn Mennad was a chief of the Takalata branch of the Sanhajah confederation, to which the Kutama Berbers belonged.[1] As an ally of the Fatimids, he defeated the rebellion of Abu Yazid (943–947), and was rewarded with the governorship of the western provinces, an area that roughly corresponds with modern Algeria north of the Sahara.

Ziri had the residence of Achir [fr] built south of the future site of Algiers in 935. He summoned masons and joiners from M'sila and Tubna to build the fortress , which once finished was filled with scholars, merchants and lawyers. He minted money and began to pay his troops in cash.[2] His son Buluggin ibn Ziri founded the cities of Algiers, Miliana and Medea (Lamdiya), and rebuilt the settlements destroyed in the revolt.

Ziri ibn Manad was killed in battle against the lord of M'sila (Ja'far Ibn 'Ali al-andalusi al-Maghrawi) in June-July 971.[3] He was succeeded as governor by his son Buluggin ibn Ziri, who in 972 became Viceroy of Ifriqiya (972–984) when the Fatimids transferred their court to Egypt.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Britannica Educational Publishing (1 October 2010). The History of Northern Africa. Britannica Educational Publishing. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-61530-397-7.
  2. ^ Robert Fossier (29 May 1997). The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Middle Ages. Cambridge University Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-521-26645-1.
  3. ^ Akyeampong, Emmanuel Kwaku; Gates, Henry Louis (2012). Dictionary of African Biography. OUP USA. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-19-538207-5.