The Zeckendorf Towers building, sometimes also called One Irving Place and One Union Square East, is an 89 m-tall (292 ft), 29-story, four-towered condominium enclave on the eastern side of Union Square, Manhattan, in New York City. Completed in 1987, the building is located on the former site of the bargain-priced department store S. Klein. Designed by architectural firm Davis, Brody & Associates, and named in honor of prominent American real estate developer William Zeckendorf, it was one of New York City's most important development projects of the 1980s.
Zeckendorf Towers in 2008
|Location||Union Square, Manhattan, New York City|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Davis, Brody & Associates|
|Developer||William Zeckendorf, Jr.|
The towers are clad in red brick and the window frames are arranged to give vertical accents, while the fifth and top floors of the office portion of the base have arched windows. The top of the 29-story towers are each capped with screens in the forms of pyramids that are illuminated at night providing a notable contrast to the illuminated clocktower of the Con Ed Building just across Irving Place.
The 14,000 square feet of outdoor space on the building's seventh floor, formerly an undistinguished rooftop filled with potted plants, make up the largest residential green roof in New York. The roof was transformed in 2010 as part of Mayor Michael Bloomberg's NYC Green Infrastructure campaign. The planted roof also serves to capture some of the rain that falls on it rather than letting it run off and contribute to flooding in the Union Square subway station below it (on the 4, 5, 6, <6>, L, N, Q, R, and W trains).
The full-block complex with its 670 apartments was built just before the renaissance of Union Square Park in the 1990s and became a part of the emergence of Park Avenue South and the Flatiron District as a rather chic neighborhood. The design by Davis, Brody & Associates did originally not capture much support with the public or the architectural press. At the time, preservationists began to draw the public's attention to the S. Klein site's architecture, which included the former Union Square Hotel, designed by James Renwick Jr., architect of many Manhattan buildings including St. Patrick's Cathedral.
To realize the Zeckendorf plan, the site needed to be rezoned, a move that was rigorously opposed by the Union Square Coalition, a group largely made up of newer residents who had moved into lofts and apartments and feared the impact of real estate speculation on their rented homes. In order to receive final plan approval, the building which was originally planned as a single tower was scaled down in order to better fit in with the neighborhood. In addition, escalators serving the subway station were built as a public benefit in exchange for approvals to develop the site. As part of the deal, the Zeckendorf Towers condominium association was responsible for the machinery’s maintenance.
- New York 2000, Architecture and Urbanism Between The Bicentennial and The Millennium, by Robert A. M. Stern, David Fishman and Jacob Tilove. New York : Monacelli Press, 2006
- Zeckendorf Towers, City Realty.
- One Union Square East Opens City's Largest Residential Green Roof, Zeckendorf Towers press release of November 15, 2010.
- Zeckendorf Towers Unveils City's Largest Green Roof Archived 2011-01-20 at the Wayback Machine, DNAinfo, November 16, 2010.
- A New Roof That Works for a Living, The New York Times, December 23, 2010.
- Henry George Is Dead, The New York Times, October 30, 1897.
- Developers in New York Try to Ease Prickly Relations, The New York Times, March 15, 2011.