Zaanaim, Zaanannim or Bezaanaim is a place name applied to one or two locations in the Hebrew Bible.[1] According to Serge Frolov (2013), its location "cannot be determined with any degree of certainty."[2]

Zaanaim means "wanderings", "the unloading of tents", the location was probably so called from the fact of nomads in tents encamping amid the cities and villages of that region.[3]

According to Joshua 19:33, the border of the tribe of Naftali passed by the "oak in Zaanannim" (Revised Version).

According to Judges 4:11, Heber the Kenite's tent, in which Jael killed Sisera, was "as far as the oak in Zaanannim" (Revised Version). Where the Revised Version reads "oak," the King James Version reads "plain." According to Cheyne and Black, an acceptable alternative reading for "oak" in these passages is "terebinth".[4]

Where the Revised Version has "in Zaanannim" above, the Hebrew text reads bṣʿnnym.[4] It has been, however, suggested by some that, following the Septuagint[5] and the Talmud, the letter "b", which in Hebrew means "in," should be taken as a part of the word following, and the phrase would then be "unto the oak of Bitzanaim," a place which has been identified with the ruins of Bessum, about half-way between Tiberias and Mount Tabor.


  1. ^ David Noel Freedman; Allen C. Myers (31 December 2000). Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible. Amsterdam University Press. p. 1405. ISBN 978-90-5356-503-2.
  2. ^ Serge Frolov (22 May 2013). Judges. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-2967-2.
  3. ^ Ellicott, Charles John, ed. (1883). An Old Testament Commentary for English Readers: Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel. Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Co. p. 192.
  4. ^ a b Thomas Kelly Cheyne; John Sutherland Black (1903). Encyclopædia biblica: a critical dictionary of the literary, political and religious history, the archæology, geography, and natural history of the Bible. Volume 4, Q-Z. A. and C. Black. p. 5369.
  5. ^ For the Septuagint's reading (Besemiin or Besenanim), see the New English Translation of the Septuagint at Joshua (Iesous) 19:33 [1].

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)