Jagera people

  (Redirected from Yuggera)

The Jagera people, also written Yagarr, Yaggera, Yuggara, Yuggera, Chepara-Yuggara, Chepara-Yugara, Ugarapul, Yugarabul, Yuggarapul, and Yugarapul (pul-People that speak Yug[g]ara) are the Australian Aboriginal people who spoke the Yuggera language. The Yuggera language which encompassed a number of dialects was spoken by the traditional owners of the territories from Moreton Bay to the base of the Toowoomba ranges including the city of Brisbane[citation needed] and Ipswich. The groups who spoke dialects of the Yuggera language that lived in the region include the Turrbal People, Jagera People, Yugara People, Yuggera Ugarapul People, Jagera Yagera Gurrangnam.

Watson in the 1940s collated historical information to create his Vocabularies of four representative tribes of South Eastern Queensland – he groups the Brisbane languages under the umbrella term of Yugarabul.
Watson in the 1940s collated historical information to create his Vocabularies of four representative tribes of South Eastern Queensland[1] – he groups the Brisbane languages under the umbrella term of Yugarabul.

The Turrbal People are a separate group that lived in Brisbane and retain their Aboriginal party status under the current terms and application of the ACHA, which is based on the history of native title claims over the greater Brisbane area.[2] The Turrbal People spoke the Turrbal language, which although different from Yuggera is considered by many to be a dialect of Yuggera.


Yuggera is classified as belonging to the Durubalic subgroup of the Pama–Nyungan languages, but is also treated as the general name for the languages of the Brisbane area.[3] The Australian English word 'yakka' (loosely meaning 'work', as in 'hard yakka') came from the Yuggera language (yaga, 'strenuous work').[4]

The Yuggera language was identified by Tom Petrie on page 319 of his "Reminiscences" recorded by his daughter Constance, by the traditional language identifier, the word for "no". Their association with central Brisbane is established by the word for Brisbane, being recorded as "Mianjin".[5] Mianjin is the spike of land from North Quay to Breakfast Creek, and was also known, as was the tribe there, as Miguntyun.[6]

Ludwig Leichhardt's Diaries 1842-1843 recorded Miguntyun as "Megandsin" as the name for the land holding area from Brisbane CBD to Breakfast Creek, and the people who spoke the Yuggara Yugarabul language.[7]


This group is one of the traditional custodians of the land over which much of Brisbane is built.[8]

According to Watson, the Jagera-related peoples in the Chepara family group inhabited the territories from Moreton Bay to Toowoomba to the west, nearly to Nanango in the north west, including Brisbane and Ipswich.[9] However, this is disputed by many groups and has resulted in numerous native title claims for the area. It also encompasses Jimna and its surrounding forests, where their traditional lands adjoined those of the Wakka Wakka and the Gubbi Gubbi (also Kabi Kabi or Gabi Gabi). Subgroups of the Chepara have identified with distinct areas including those concentrated in the Fassifern and Lockyer Creek areas. The Yugambeh and the Bundjalung people bordered them on the south.[10]

An Indigenous land use agreement (ILUA) was signed over the site of the historic 1843 Battle of One Tree Hill, now known as Table Top Mountain, when the warrior Multuggerah and a group of men ambushed and won a battle with settlers in the area. The ILUA was signed between Toowoomba City Council and a body representing the "Jagera, Yuggera and Ugarapul people" as the traditional owners of the area, in 2008.[11][12]

On 25 July 2017, the full bench of the Federal Court decided on appeals of the Turrbal People and the Yugara People, rejecting both appeals and confirming the 2015 decision that native title does not exist in the greater Brisbane area.[13][14][15][16]

Place namesEdit

Map of traditional lands of Aboriginal Australians around Brisbane.

Notable peopleEdit



  1. ^ Watson 1944.
  2. ^ https://www.kwm.com/en/au/knowledge/insights/native-title-greater-brisbane-area-20170726
  3. ^ Dixon, Ramson & Thomas 2006, p. 42.
  4. ^ Dixon, Ramson & Thomas 2006, p. 209.
  5. ^ Petrie & Petrie 1904.
  6. ^ The Queenslander 1934, p. 13.
  7. ^ Erdos 1967, pp. 102–104.
  8. ^ Howitt 1904.
  9. ^ Crump 2015.
  10. ^ Steele 2015, p. 85.
  11. ^ "Indigenous land use agreement signed in Toowoomba". 27 February 2008. Archived from the original on 11 February 2014.
  12. ^ "QI2007/038 - Jagera, Yuggera and Ugarapul People and Toowoomba Regional Council". Register of Indigenous Land Use Agreements Details. National Native Title Tribunal. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 5 August 2020.
  13. ^ Singleton & Testro 2017.
  14. ^ CCW 2017.
  15. ^ Carseldine 2017.
  16. ^ NNTT 2015.
  17. ^ a b c AustLII 2015.
  18. ^ Rolls & Johnson 2010, p. 38.
  19. ^ Russo 2015, p. 215.
  20. ^ a b Queensland Govt 2017.
  21. ^ Morelli 2017.
  22. ^ a b Zhou 2017.
  23. ^ ABC News 2017.
  24. ^ The Courier-Mail 1947, p. 2.
  25. ^ The Telegraph 1936, p. 11.