Ynysangharad War Memorial

  (Redirected from Ysangharad War Memorial)

Ynysangharad War Memorial park is located in the town of Pontypridd, Wales. The area that now makes up the park was bought by the people of Pontypridd in 1919 after workers raised the money to have the park established. It was originally designed for those who lived in the surrounding area to have somewhere to relax from their work lives.

Due to the fact that the River Rhondda meets the River Taff at one corner of the park it is prone to flooding, one flood in 1929 left the park severely flooded[1] and led to the original layout of the park being changed to what it is today with the memorials being placed way from the River Taff. The memorials in the park include the War Memorial and the Evan and James James statues, as well as some smaller ones. There is also a lido that was reopened on 31 August 2015 after it received funding, after being closed for two decades.

War MemorialEdit

In 1923 Field Marshal Viscount Allenby renamed the park the Ynysangharad War Memorial park in memory of the soldiers who died in the line of duty in the First World War.[2] In November 2011 a war memorial was reopened in the park to remember the soldiers who died from the Pontypridd area in the First World War and Second World War, as well as subsequent smaller wars like the Suez Crisis and the Falklands War. There was already a small memorial in the park to remember the soldiers who died, but it was decided that a roll of honour should also be erected so that the names of the dead could be honoured since it was felt that the names should not be forgotten. The memorial consists of two parallel walls with the names of the dead inscribed onto black granite plaques that ran along each wall.

There are a total of 1,319[3] names on the memorial, which includes the names of 821 people who died in First World War, the 491 who died in the Second World War. The memorial also includes the names of each of the servicemen who died in the line of duty in Palestine, Korea and Suez Canal (Egypt) wars and the four Welsh Guards during the Falklands War.[4] The memorial cost an estimated £80,000 to build and completed thanks to fundraising appeals by local residents of Pontypridd.[5]

Evan James and James James memorialEdit

In the park there is memorial to Evan James and his son James James who wrote Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau, the Welsh National Anthem. Evan James and his son James were weavers who lived in Pontypridd when they composed the National Anthem in 1856,[6] James wrote the words while Evan composed the music. Although originally called Glan Rhondda (Banks of the Rhondda)[7] it was quickly renamed Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau (Land of My Fathers) when it gained huge popularity after being performed at the 1858 Llangollen National Eisteddfod.[8] Unlike many anthems it was not written to represent a particular occasion in history, but by 1905 was largely accepted as the National Anthem by the Welsh population simply because of how popular it had become. This means that even though Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau is accepted as the Welsh National Anthem, it is neither officially or legally recognised as it in British Law,[9] since legally the National Anthem of Wales is God Bless the Prince of Wales.[10] Following James James' death in 1902 many local residents felt that a memorial should be erected to both Evan and James James to remember the authors of the National Anthem and started a campaign to have one built. However the Senghenydd mining disaster in 1913 and the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 stopped the campaign. Then in 1929 Rhys Morgan put an advert in the Western Mail appealing for money to have a memorial built, stating that he expected a "prompt response" from every "Welsh man or woman",[11] the money was quickly raised. The memorial that you see in the park today was designed by Sir William Goscombe John and unveiled by Lord Treowen on 23 July 1930 before a crowd of 10,000 people.[12] The monument consists of two life size bronze figures, one woman who represents poetry and a male harpist who represents music.[13] There is an inscription under the memorial that reads:

In memory of Evan James and James James, father and son of Pontypridd, who inspired by a deep and tender love of their native land united poetry to song and gave Wales her National Anthem, Hen Wlad fy Nhdau.[14]

Pontypridd Outdoor LidoEdit

The lido was opened in 1927 and was reputed to be the largest open–air swimming pool in Wales[15] and at its most popular the lido could have up to 1,000 visitors a day.[16] The lido was built with a distinctive Mediterranean influence, like many other lidos around Britain, and features outdoor changing rooms that ran parallel to the edge of the lido.[16] After years of not being maintained the lido was officially closed in 1991 after it was badly damaged by a fire. Over the preceding two decades it fell into disrepair and was left abandoned because of the fact it is a Grade II Listed Building[17] and could not be demolished. It was not until 2013 when a major overhaul following a £6.3m investment[16] from the Welsh Government, using the European Regional Development Fund and Heritage Lottery Funding, that plans for the lido to be reopened and refurbished were started.[18] Due to the fact it is a Grade II Listed Building many of the original features, like the turnstile and the outdoor wooden changing rooms, were kept. However new features were added like a café, visitors centre and observation deck, also heated changing facilities with internal and external showers for those who use the lido.[18] The old lido only had one large pool whereas the new one now includes a main pool alongside an activities pool and a splash pool for small children.[18] The lido was officially reopened on 31 August 2015.

BibliographyEdit

BooksEdit

  • Powell, Dean, ‘Images of Wales: Pontypridd Revisited ’, (Stroud: Tempus Publishing, 2007)
  • Eckley, Simon, ‘Pontypridd: The Archive Photographs Series’, (Stroud: Chalford Publishing Company, 1994)

WebsitesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eckley, Simon (1994). ‘Pontypridd: The Archive Photographs Series’. Stroud: Chalford Publishing Company. p. 97.
  2. ^ Powell, Dean (2007). Images of Wales: Pontypridd Revisited. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. p. 112.
  3. ^ "War memorials unveiled at Ynysangharad Park, Pontypridd". BBC Wales News. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  4. ^ "War memorials unveiled at Ynysangharad Park, Pontypridd". BBC Wales news. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  5. ^ "War memorials unveiled at Ynysangharad Park, Pontypridd". BBC Wales news. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  6. ^ "Facts about Wales". Wales.com. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  7. ^ "National anthem". BBC Wales Music. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Heritage Trail". Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  9. ^ "National Anthem". BBC Wales Music. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  10. ^ "The History of the National Anthem". Rhondda Cynon Taff Library Service. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Heritage Trail". Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  12. ^ Eckley, Simon (1994). Pontypridd: The Archive Photographs Series. Stroud: Chalford Publishing Company. p. 103.
  13. ^ Powell, Dean (2007). Images of Wales: Pontypridd Revisited. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. p. 113.
  14. ^ "National anthem". Anthem Background. Retrieved 6 December 2015.
  15. ^ Powell, Dean (2007). Images of Wales: Pontypridd Revisited. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. p. 112.
  16. ^ a b c "Pontypridd Lido Look Incredible". Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  17. ^ Powell, Dean (2007). Images of Wales: Pontypridd Revisited. Stroud: Tempus Publishing. p. 113.
  18. ^ a b c "Pontypridd Lido Restoring History". Retrieved 3 December 2015.

Coordinates: 51°36′09″N 3°20′11″W / 51.6025°N 3.3364°W / 51.6025; -3.3364