Yazid ibn Jarir al-Qasri

Yazid ibn Jarir ibn Yazid ibn Khalid ibn Abdallah al-Qasri (Arabic: يزيد بن جرير بن يزيد بن خالد بن عبد الله القسري‎) was a provincial governor for the Abbasid Caliphate, serving as governor of the Yemen from 812 to 813.

Yazid ibn Jarir al-Qasri
يزيد بن جرير القصري
Abbasid Governor of Yemen
In office
812–813
Preceded byMuhammad ibn Sa'id al-Kinani
Succeeded byUmar ibn Ibrahim ibn Waqid al-Umari
Personal details
BornAbbasid Caliphate
ParentsJarir ibn Yazid ibn Khalid ibn Abdallah al-Qasri
RelativesYazid ibn Khalid (grandfather)
Military service
AllegianceAbbasid Caliphate
RankArmy officer

CareerEdit

Yazid was a descendant of Khalid ibn Abdallah al-Qasri (died 743), the powerful governor of Iraq on behalf of the Umayyads. He is possibly to be identified with a Yazid ibn Jarir who twice served as governor of Sistan during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid (r. 786–809), first as deputy to al-Fadl ibn Yahya in 794 and then under Ali ibn Isa ibn Mahan in 797.[1]

During the civil war between the rival caliphs al-Amin (r. 809–813) and al-Ma'mun (r. 813–833), Yazid was appointed governor of the Yemen by al-Ma'mun's general Tahir ibn al-Husayn, with a directive to bring the province under al-Ma'mun's control. He accordingly set off for the Yemen with a large body of horsemen, and upon his arrival he convinced the Yemenis to abandon al-Amin and swear allegiance to al-Ma'mun instead. He quickly ran into problems, however, with his policy of supporting the Qahtanite Arabs of the province at the expense of the local abna, who he treated in an extremely harsh manner. Shortly after the death of al-Amin in 813, word of Yazid's maltreatment of the abna reached al-Ma'mun, who responded by stripping him of the governorship. Following his dismissal, he was arrested in Sana'a by his successor Umar ibn Ibrahim ibn Waqid al-Umari and thrown into prison.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Elad 2013, p. 259; Khalifah ibn Khayyat 1985, p. 463.
  2. ^ Al-Mad'aj 1988, pp. 204–05; Al-Tabari 1992, pp. 120, 129; Al-Ya'qubi 1883, p. 528 (who gives Yazid's name as Jarir ibn Yazid).

ReferencesEdit

  • Elad, Amikam (2013). "Al-Ma'mun's Military Units and their Commanders Up to the End of the Siege of Baghdad (195/810-198/813)". In Bernards, Monique (ed.). Abbasid Studies IV: Occasional Papers of the School of Abbasid Studies, Leuven July 5–July 9, 2010. Cambridge: Gibb Memorial Trust. pp. 245–284. ISBN 978-0-906094-98-3. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Khalifah ibn Khayyat (1985). al-'Umari, Akram Diya' (ed.). Tarikh Khalifah ibn Khayyat, 3rd ed (in Arabic). Al-Riyadh: Dar Taybah. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Al-Mad'aj, Abd al-Muhsin Mad'aj M. (1988). The Yemen in Early Islam (9-233/630-847): A Political History. London: Ithaca Press. ISBN 0863721028. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Al-Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir (1992). Yar-Shater, Ehsan (ed.). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXXI: The War between Brothers. Trans. Michael Fishbein. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-1085-4. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Al-Ya'qubi, Ahmad ibn Abu Ya'qub (1883). Houtsma, M. Th. (ed.). Historiae, Vol. 2. Leiden: E. J. Brill. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad ibn Sa'id al-Kinani
Abbasid governor of the Yemen
812–813
Succeeded by
Umar ibn Ibrahim ibn Waqid al-Umari