Yasser Seirawan (Arabic: ياسر سيروان; born March 24, 1960) is a Syrian-born American chess grandmaster and four-time United States champion. He won the World Junior Chess Championship in 1979. Seirawan is also a published chess author and commentator.
|Born||March 24, 1960|
|FIDE rating||2620 (September 2023)|
|Peak rating||2658 (November 2011)|
|Peak ranking||No. 10 (July 1990)|
Early life Edit
Seirawan was born in Damascus, Syria. His father was Syrian and his mother an English nurse from Nottingham, where he spent some time in his early childhood. When he was seven, his family immigrated to Seattle, Washington, where he attended Queen Anne Elementary School, Meany Middle School, and Garfield High School. He honed his game at a now-defunct coffeehouse, the Last Exit on Brooklyn, playing against the likes of Latvian-born master Viktors Pupols and six-time Washington State Champion James Harley McCormick.
Seirawan began playing chess at 12; at 13, he became Washington junior champion. At 19, he won the World Junior Chess Championship. He also won a game against Viktor Korchnoi, who had two years earlier narrowly lost a match for the world championship. Impressed, Viktor then invited Seirawan to Switzerland, where Korchnoi was training for his 1981 world title match against Anatoly Karpov.
Seirawan qualified for the 1985 and 1988-1990 Candidates Tournaments. In the 1985 tournament in Montpellier he scored 7/15 placing joint 10th, and in the 1988–1990 tournament in St John, a knockout tournament, he was knocked out by Jon Speelman in the preliminary round.
In 1990, he won a match against Jan Timman sponsored by KRO by the score of +3-1=2.
In 2001, Seirawan released a plan called "Fresh Start" to reunite the chess world, which at that time had two world champions: Ruslan Ponomariov had gained the title under the auspices of FIDE, while Vladimir Kramnik had beaten Garry Kasparov to take the Classical title. It called for one match between Ponomariov and Kasparov (the world number one), and another between Kramnik and the winner of the 2002 Einstein tournament in Dortmund, who turned out to be Péter Lékó. The winners of these matches would then play each other to become undisputed World Champion. This plan was signed by all parties on May 6, 2002, in the so-called "Prague Agreement". The Kramnik-Leko match took place (the match was drawn, with Kramnik retaining his title); the Kasparov-Ponomariov match was canceled in 2003, and this particular plan became moot when Kasparov retired in 2005. In the end, the FIDE World Chess Championship 2006 between Kramnik and Veselin Topalov reunited the world championship title.
Following a series of events, such as Seirawan participating in the Beijing Chess Challenge in September 2003, there were reports that he would be retiring as a professional player. In the July 2007 FIDE list, Seirawan had an Elo rating of 2634, placing him in the top 100 chess players in the world, and America's number four, behind Hikaru Nakamura, Gata Kamsky, and Alexander Onischuk. He played six games in the July 2007 FIDE update.
In 2007, Seirawan unveiled a chess variant created in collaboration with Bruce Harper, called Seirawan chess or SHARPER chess. SHARPER chess introduces two additional pieces, a "hawk" and an "elephant"—a rook/knight and a bishop/knight combination that in other variants are called the Empress and Princess, respectively. The initial position is that of standard chess. Whenever the player moves a piece from its starting position, one of the extra pieces in hand may be placed immediately on the square just vacated. Likewise, pawns may promote to a hawk or an elephant in addition to the standard pieces. The first ever event was a 12-board simultaneous exhibition held on March 31, 2007, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
In May 2011, Seirawan returned from hiatus to competitive chess, playing for the U.S. team in the world team championship in China, where he won silver in first alternate. He had wins versus top GMs Judit Polgar and Shakhriyar Mamedyarov. He only lost one game.
Seirawan won the 2011 and 2012 Dutch Open Blitz championship.
Seirawan is widely known for his expert commentary in live broadcasts on the Internet during important events. He has been named by the chess historian Edward Winter as one of the top five Internet broadcasters. In 2019, he joined the Chessbrahs and provided coverage for the 2019 World Cup.
Seirawan has written several books.
- Play Winning Chess - Introduction to chess and some basic strategies
- Winning Chess Tactics - Introduction to tactics with puzzles
- Winning Chess Strategies - How to use small advantages and use strategies to gain them
- Winning Chess Openings - Brief descriptions of the most popular openings, and opening strategies
- Winning Chess Endings - Introduction to the endgame
- Winning Chess Brilliancies - Notable games analyzed by the author
- Winning Chess Combinations - How to recognize the main combination patterns; somewhat of a follow-up to Winning Chess Tactics
- Five Crowns: Kasparov-Karpov World Chess Championship 1990 New York - Lyon (with Jonathan Tisdall), International chess Enterprises, 1991. ISBN 978-1879479029
- Take My Rooks (with Nikolay Minev), International Chess Enterprises, 1991. ISBN 978-1879479012
- No Regrets • Fischer–Spassky 1992 (with George Stefanovic), International Chess Enterprises, 1992, ISBN 1-879479-09-5
- Chess on the Edge (with Bruce Harper) - collected games of Grandmaster Duncan Suttles, published by Chess'n Math Association in March 2008.
- Chess Duels: My Games with the World Champions, Everyman Chess, 2010, ISBN 978-1857445879
Personal life Edit
The famous chess opening Seirawan attack (1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Bg5) is named after him. He is also known for the Seirawan line in the King's Indian Defence (1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. Nc3 Bg7 4. e4 d6 5. Bd3), where White has the plan of playing Bd3, Nge2, and O-O.
- Nack, William (December 21, 1981). "Yasser, That's My Baby". Sports Illustrated. p. 3.
- Tracy, William (March–April 1990). "The Right Moves". Saudi Aramco World. 41 (2).
- "Montpellier Candidates (1985)".
- "GM Yasser Seirawan Lecture Series". World Chess Hall of Fame. April 9, 2013.
- Crowther, Mark (February 8, 1999). "TWIC 222: Adams-Seirawan in Bermuda". The Week in Chess. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Seirawan, Yasser (March 2, 2002). "A Fresh Start for chess". ChessBase. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- "The Beijing Chess Challenge". Chess News. 2003-09-28. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
- "First Ever Seirawan Chess Event!". nwchess.com. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
- "Yinzhou Cup 2011 World ChessTeam Championship – Player Info: Seirawan Yasser". Chess-Results.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "Hall of fame (list of winners Dutch Open Blitzchess championship)". Snelschaakmarathon.nl.
- Winter, Edward. "9085. Live chess broadcasts on the Internet". Chess Notes.
- Matnadze, Anna (October 28, 2011). "Interview with Yasser Seirawan". Chessdom. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
Further reading Edit
- Roberts, Gregory (January 10, 2002). "Chess champ Seirawan has all the right moves". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Uncredited (December 31, 1982). "Seattle chess player breathes life into musty world sport". Ellensburg Daily Record.
- Yasser Seirawan rating card at FIDE
- Yasser Seirawan rating and tournament record at US Chess Federation
- Yasser Seirawan player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- Yasser Seirawan chess games at 365Chess.com
- Yasser Seirawan Chess Olympiad record at OlimpBase.org
- Yasser Seirawan player profile at Chess.com
- Seirawan Chess Enhanced Chess Devised by Yasser Seirawan in 2007
- Interview with Yasser Seirawan by Mikhail Golubev for GrandMaster Square
- Lectures by GM Yasser Seirawan at the St. Louis Chess Club