Yan (Five Dynasties period)

Yan (Chinese: ), sometimes known in historiography as Jie Yan (桀燕), was a short-lived monarchical state in the vicinity of present-day Beijing at the beginning of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. Yan, established by Liu Shouguang in 911, only lasted for two years before its destruction by Li Cunxu of the Former Jin dynasty.

Yan
911–914
L.LIANG.jpg
CapitalYou Prefecture
GovernmentEmpire
Emperor 
• 911–914
Liu Shouguang
Historical eraFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
• Established
911
• Disestablished
914
• Liu Shouguang's death
914
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Later Liang
Jin (Later Tang precursor)
Today part ofChina

As the only ruler of Yan, Liu Shouguang was noted for his cruelty. The state of Yan was therefore sometimes referred to as Jie Yan, in reference to the tyrannical ruler Jie of the Xia dynasty.

ReferencesEdit

  • Mote, F.W. (1999). Imperial China (900-1800). Harvard University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-674-01212-7.