The Yamagata Shinkansen (山形新幹線) is a Mini-shinkansen route in Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East). It provides service between Tokyo and Shinjō in Yamagata Prefecture over the tracks of the Tohoku Shinkansen and the Ōu Main Line.
An E3-1000 series train on the Yamagata Shinkansen in March 2015
|Locale||Fukushima and Yamagata Prefectures|
|Opened||1 July 1992|
|Rolling stock||E3-1000 series/E3-2000 series|
|Line length||148.6 km|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||20 kV AC, 50 Hz, overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||130 km/h (80 mph)|
The term Yamagata Shinkansen refers to the segment that connects Fukushima in Fukushima Prefecture and Shinjō. Because the shinkansen trains share tracks with regular service trains, it is often referred to as a "mini-shinkansen".
Trains consist of 7-car E3 series trainsets operating as Tsubasa services. Between Tokyo and Fukushima, the trains run coupled to Yamabiko trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen. Between Fukushima and Shinjō, the trains run on their own at a maximum speed of 130 km/h (80 mph) and share the line with regular Ōu Main Line trains.
- All stations listed below are located on the Ōu Main Line.
- Beyond Fukushima, trains bound for Tokyo run with Tohoku Shinkansen trains.
|From Tokyo||From Fukushima|
|Fukushima||福島||272.8||0.0||Tōhoku Shinkansen (for Morioka), Tōhoku Main Line
AbukumaExpress: Abukuma Express Line
Fukushima Transportation: Iizaka Line
|Takahata||高畠||322.7||49.9||Takahata, Higashiokitama District|
|Akayu||赤湯||328.9||56.1||Flower Nagai Line||Nanyō|
|Ōishida||大石田||399.7||126.9||Ōishida, Kitamurayama District|
|Shinjō||新庄||421.4||148.6||Ōu Main Line, Rikuu East Line, Rikuu West Line||Shinjō|
Past rolling stockEdit
- 400 series 7-car sets (originally 6-car sets) withdrawn by April 2010
- July 1, 1992: Tsubasa services start from Tokyo to Yamagata with six-car 400 Series Shinkansen attached to a 200 Series Shinkansen on Tōhoku Shinkansen tracks between Tokyo and Fukushima.
- December 1, 1995: Trains are extended to seven cars.
- December 4, 1999: Line is extended to Shinjō.
- September 21, 2001: Double-decker E4 Series Shinkansen replace the 200 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen.
- March 18, 2007: All cars are made non-smoking.
- December 20, 2008: E3-2000 series trains enter service
- April 18, 2010: 400 series trains cease operations.
- March 11, 2011: All services are suspended due to the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.
- March 31, 2011: Partial services resume between Fukushima and Shinjō.
- April 12, 2011: Through-service resumed between Tokyo and Shinjō but at half of previous capacity.
- "300km/hのトップランナー" [300 km/h Top Runners]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 52 no. 612. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. April 2012. p. 14.
- "Yamagata Shinkansen Line turns 20". The Japan Times. Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 3 July 2012. p. 2. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- NHK, "Yamagata Shinkansen fully resumes operations", 12 April 2011.