Xylomelum scottianum is a shrub or small tree in the woody pear genus of the family Proteaceae that is commonly known as the northern woody pear. It grows to 10 m in height. endemic to Australia, it is widespread in dry areas of Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, and on Thursday Island in Torres Strait. It is common on sandy soils in open forests, at altitudes of up to 440 m above sea level. It flowers from October to May. The brown seeds are 68–75 mm long. It was used medicinally by the Aborigines, as an infusion of the bark and leaves, drunk to relieve internal pain.
- Foreman, D.B. "Xylomelum scottianum (F.Muell.) F.Muell". Flora of Australia Online. ABRS. Retrieved 22 March 2013.
- Orchard, A.E. (2007). "Xylomelum benthamii Orchard, a replacement name for Xylomelum salicinum (Meisn.) Benth., nom. illeg. (Proteaceae)" (PDF). Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Garden. 21: 88–89.
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