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Xie (Chinese: ) was an ancient Chinese nobleman, an ancestor of the kings of the Shang dynasty.[1] He is the first known Shang ancestor.

His consort is unknown, but it is known he was a father of Zhao Ming of Shang and grandfather of Xiang Tu.

Xie’s father was Emperor Ku,[2] and Xie’s brothers were Houji, Emperor Zhi and Emperor Yao.[3] Xie’s mother was one of Ku’s consorts ‒ Jiang Yuan, Jiandi, Qingdu, or Changyi.[4][5]


  1. ^ Sima Qian, Records of the Grand Historian
  2. ^ "According to the Han imperial scribe Sima (c. 145 BC-86 BC), the legendary founder of Shang, “Hsieh [Xie] of Yin,” was a son of the Xia emperor Ku."
  3. ^ Wu, K. C. (1982). The Chinese Heritage. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-54475X.
  4. ^ Yang, 99
  5. ^ Wu, 64