XVI Corps (United States)
Shoulder sleeve insignia of XVI Corps.
|Active||7 December 1943 – 7 December 1945|
April 1951 – 20 November 1954
22 November 1957 – 30 April 1968
|Branch||United States Army|
|Engagements||World War II|
|John B. Anderson (1943–1945)|
Samuel Tankersley Williams (1953–1954)
|U.S. Corps (1939–present)|
|XV Corps (United States)||XVII Corps (United States)|
The XVI Corps was initially constituted on 1 October 1933 as part of the Organized Reserves, and was activated on 7 December 1943 at Fort Riley, Kansas. During World War II, XVI Corps fought in the European Theater of Operations as part of the Ninth United States Army.
After the end of the war the corps was inactivated on 7 December 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.
XVI Corps was reactivated in April 1951 as the Far East Command reserve. Following its reactivation in May 1951, XVI Corps was headquartered at Sendai, Japan, until it was inactivated there on 20 November 1954. The corps mission was to control divisions and other units attached to it by Far East Command. Elements of the 40th and 24th Infantry Divisions and the 1st Cavalry Division under XVI Corps control were stationed at Camp Schimmelpfennig from 1951 until after the corps was inactivated.
The corps was active again from 22 November 1957 until 30 April 1968 at Omaha, Nebraska. During this time, the Corps oversaw a number of Army Reserve units in the southwestern mid-West and the mountain states.
Major General Kermit L. Davis wrote regarding the XVI Corps during the Vietnam War: '.. "I was then assigned as CG, XVI Corps, in Omaha, in charge of the Reserves of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, and Wyoming. This turned out to be mostly fire suppression, because ..Robert McNamara had just announced the Reserves should be merged with the National Guard. I had to try to convince my 27,000 reservists that he didn’t really mean it. Nobody believed me, and I spent a frustrating two years smoothing ruffled political feathers. Powerful politicians prevented the merger, ..'
- Central Europe
- Maj. Gen. John B. Anderson (December 1943 – October 1945)
- Maj. Gen. Thomas D. Finley (October 1945 – December 1945)
- Maj. Gen. Roderick R. Allen (August 1951 – 1952)
- Maj. Gen. Clovis E. Byers (1952–1952)
- Maj. Gen. Blackshear M. Bryan (1952 – August 1953)
- Maj. Gen. Samuel T. Williams (August 1953 – November 1954)
- Brig. Gen. Charles C. Brown (December 1943 – December 1945)
- Stars and Stripes
- Clay, Steven E., (2010). "U.S. Army Order of Battle 1919 – 1941". Volume 1. Fort Leavenworth: Combat Studies Institute Press.
- Stanton, Shelby L., (1991). "World War II Order of Battle". New York: Galahad Books.
- Wilson, John B., compiler (1999). "Armies, Corps, Divisions, and Separate Brigades". Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. ISBN 0-16-049994-1.
- History of the XVI Corps: From Its Activation to the End of The War in Europe. Washington, D.C.: Infantry Journal Press. 1947.