XVII Corps (Ottoman Empire)

The XVII Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 17 nci Kolordu or On Yedinci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed during World War I.

XVII Corps
On Yedinci Kolordu
Active1915–
CountryOttoman Empire
TypeCorps
Garrison/HQSmyrna (İzmir)
PatronSultans of the Ottoman Empire
EngagementsOccupation of Smyrna
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Miralay Selâhattin Âdil Bey (December 17, 1917-November 27, 1917[1])
Mirliva Nurettin Pasha (November–December 30, 1918[2])
Miralay Selâhattin Âdil Bey (December 30, 1918-January 2, 1919[3])
Mirliva Nureddin Pasha (January 2-March 22, 1919)
Ali Nadir Pasha (March 22-May 20, 1919)

Balkan WarsEdit

Order of Battle, October 17, 1912Edit

On October 17, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[4]

  • XVII Provisional Corps (Thrace, under the command of the Eastern Army)
    • Samsun Redif Division, Eregli Redif Division, Smyrna Redif Division

Order of Battle, October 29, 1912Edit

On October 29, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

  • XVII Provisional Corps (Thrace, under the command of the Second Eastern Army)
    • Samsun Redif Division, Eregli Redif Division, Trabzon Redif Division

On November 7, 1912, the XVII Provisional Corps was inactivated.[6]

World War IEdit

Order of Battle, 1915Edit

Order of Battle, 1917Edit

  • XVII Corps (Smyrna)
    • None

After MudrosEdit

Order of Battle, November 1918Edit

In November 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[7]

Order of Battle, January 1919Edit

In January 1919, the corps was structured as follows:[8][9]

  • XVII Corps (Smyrna, Commander: Nureddin Pasha)
    • 56th Division (Smyrna)
      • 172nd Infantry Regiment, 173rd Infantry Regiment, 174th Infantry Regiment
    • 57th Division (Aydın)
      • 135th Infantry Regiment, 175th Infantry Regiment, 176th Infantry Regiment

Order of Battle, May 15, 1919Edit

On May 15, 1919, the corps was structured as follows:

  • XVII Corps (Smyrna, Commander: Ali Nadir Pasha)
    • 56th Division (Smyrna, Commander: Hürrem Bey)
      • 172nd Infantry Regiment (Ayvalık, Commander: Ali Bey)
      • 173rd Infantry Regiment (Urla, Commander: Kâzım Bey)
      • 174th Infantry Regiment (Smyrna)
    • 57th Division (Aydın, Commander: Şefik Bey)
      • 135th Infantry Regiment, 175th Infantry Regiment, 176th Infantry Regiment

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 118. (in Turkish)
  2. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 32. (in Turkish)
  3. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademelerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 33. (in Turkish)
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 83.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 103.
  6. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 125.
  7. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.
  8. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 209.
  9. ^ Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918-1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 326. (in Turkish)