The Sanskrit epicMahabharata describes the encounter between the accomplished wrestlers Bhima and Jarasandha; "grasping each other in various ways by means of their arms, and kicking each other with such violence as to affect the innermost nerves, they struck at each other's breasts with clenched fists. With bare arms as their only weapons roaring like clouds they grasped and struck each other like two mad elephants encountering each other with their trunks".
^"Wrestling, Freestyle" by Michael B. Poliakoff, in Encyclopedia of World Sport: From Ancient Times to the Present, Vol. 3, pp. 1189, 1193, eds. David Levinson and Karen Christensen (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc., 1996).
^ abGyldendals store konversasjonsleksikon|Gyldendals store konversasjons-leksikon, 1972 (third edition), p.2563–4. ISBN978-82-05-00267-8.