World Teachers' Day is an international day held annually on 5 October to celebrate the work of teachers.[1] Established in 1994, it commemorates the signing of recommendation by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The 1966 "ILO/UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers"[2][3] is a standard-setting instrument that addresses the status and situations of teachers around the world.[4] This recommendation outlines standards relating to education personnel policy, recruitment, and initial training as well as the continuing education of teachers, their employment, and working conditions.[4] World Teachers' Day aims to focus on "appreciating, assessing and improving the educators of the world" and to provide an opportunity to consider issues related to teachers and teaching.[5]

Celebration edit

To celebrate World Teachers' Day, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and Education International (EI) mount a campaign each year to help give the world better understanding of teachers and the role they play in the development of students and society.[4] They partner with the private sector such as media organizations to achieve this purpose. The campaign focuses on different themes for every year. For instance, "Empowering Teachers" was the theme for 2017, the year World Teachers' Day commemorated the 20th anniversary of the 1997 UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-Education Teaching Personnel,[2] bringing the sometimes-neglected area of teaching personnel at higher education institutions into the conversation about the status of teachers.[6]

The following year, 2018, UNESCO adopted the theme "The Right to Education Means the Right to a Qualified Teacher,"[7] commemorating the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and serving as a reminder that the right to education cannot be realized without trained and qualified teachers.[7] UNESCO declares that everyone can help by celebrating the profession, by generating awareness about teacher issues and by ensuring that teacher respect is part of the natural order of things.[5] Schools and students, for instance, prepare a special occasion for teachers on this day.

More than 100 countries commemorate World Teachers' Day[8] and each holds its own celebrations such as the case of India, which has been commemorating National Teachers' Day every 5 September.[9] In Australia, as the day usually falls during school holidays, Australian states and territories celebrate on the last Friday of October each year instead.[10]

The theme of World Teachers' Day 2023 is "The teachers we need for the education we want". Teachers are the heart of education and in many countries are leaving the profession they love, and fewer young people aspire to become one. UNESCO estimates that the world needs over 69 million new teachers by 2030, and the shortage only continues to grow.[11]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "World Teachers' Day 2021: Theme, History, Quotes, Facts | SA News". SA News Channel. 5 October 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b International Labour Organization (2008). "The ILO/UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Teachers (1966) and The UNESCO Recommendation concerning the Status of Higher-education Teaching Personnel (1997) with a user's guide". UNESDOC Digital Library. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  3. ^ "World Teachers' Day – 5 October 2017". UNESCO. 13 September 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Power, Colin (2014). The Power of Education!: Education for All, Development, Globalisation and UNESCO. New York: Springer. p. 191. ISBN 9789812872210.
  5. ^ a b "Frequently Asked and Questions | Education | United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization". Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  6. ^ "Teaching in Freedom, Empowering Teachers". UNESCO. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  7. ^ a b "World Teachers' Day 2018 International Conference". UNESCO. 14 December 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  8. ^ "World Teachers Day 2018 – National Awareness Days Events Calendar 2018 & 2019". National Awareness Days Events Calendar 2018 & 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  9. ^ Patel, Ashok (2015). Inspire a Teacher Within. Partridge Publishing. p. 105. ISBN 9781482844153.
  10. ^ "World Teachers' Day Queensland | About".
  11. ^ "World Teachers' Day". 13 September 2023. Retrieved 30 September 2023.

External links edit