World Commission on Protected Areas
The World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) is one of six commissions of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
|Kathy MacKinnon (chair)|
|Products||IUCN Protected Areas Programme|
|Services||Protected area planning, policy advice, and investment|
|Total equity||2,500 members, 140 countries|
|Divisions||America, Africa, Asia, and Europe|
In 1948, the IUCN established a Committee on National Parks. Two decades later the IUCN had been asked by the international community to take responsibility for preparing a world list of national parks in keeping with its role as a network to share the world’s knowledge on nature conservation, and in 1960, the IUCN raised the status of the Committee to that of a permanent Commission, with the creation of the Commission on National Parks. In 1996, the World Commission on Protected Areas took on its current name with the approval of the IUCN congress.
WCPA is a network of volunteers. Secretariat support is provided by staff of the IUCN Programme on Protected Areas, with whom WCPA implements a shared strategic plan and work plan. The Commission has a Steering Committee, and the Chair is elected every four years at the IUCN World Conservation Congress. The World Conservation Congress is set for June 11 to 19, 2019, in Marseilles, France.
The WCPA Steering Committee is the principal governing body of WCPA. The Steering Committee is appointed by the WCPA Chair and approved by the IUCN Council. The Steering Committee is composed of the Chair, the Deputy Chair, Regional Vice‐Chairs, and Thematic Vice‐Chairs. WCPA Steering Committee meetings occur once a year and include reporting on IUCN Global Protected Areas Programme (GPAP) and WCPA activities, discussion and decisions on important upcoming events and initiatives, review of the GPAP Intersessional Programme, and discussion and decisions on WCPA directions and priorities for the upcoming year.
Regional Vice Chairs include those for 13 terrestrial regions, including:
- Eastern and Southern Africa
- North Africa, West Asia, and Middle East
- West and Central Africa
- Caribbean and Central America
- North America
- South America
- East Asia
- South Asia
- Southeast Asia
- North Eurasia
Thematic Vice Chairs include those for:
- Capacity Development
- Natural Solutions
- People and Parks
- Science and Biodiversity
- Science and Management
- Young Professionals
- World Heritage
The Steering Committee also includes two seats for publications:
- Publications Editor
- PARKS Editor
The WCPA Executive Committee is the principal governing body of WCPA making decisions between Steering Committee Meetings. It is composed of the WCPA Chair, the WCPA Deputy Chair, Regional and Thematic Vice-Chairs, the Director of IUCN Global Protected Areas Program and others co-opted at the request of the Chair.
To carry out its objectives, the WCPA has a number of Specialist Groups, Task Forces, Initiatives, and Thematic Groups which report to the WCPA Executive Committee.
Specialist Groups are established to bring together Commission Members who can provide ongoing specialist expertise and leadership in topics that are Commission and Programme Priorities. Current Specialist Groups include:
- Climate Change and Protected Areas
- Connectivity Conservation
- Cultural and Spiritual Values of Protected Areas
- Geoheritage and Caves and Karst Protected Areas
- Green List
- High Seas
- Health and well-being
- Management Effectiveness
- Marine Mammals (jointly with SSC)
- Protected Area Finance
- Protected Area Legislation
- Privately Protected Areas and Nature Stewardship
- Protected Landscapes / Seascapes
- Tourism and Protected Areas
- Transboundary Conservation
- Urban Conservation Strategies
Task Forces are established to accomplish a specific time-bound task, e.g. the preparation of a WCPA Best Practice Guideline publication or the preparation of a particular policy. Current Task Forces include:
- Beyond the Aichi Targets
- Biodiversity and Protected Areas (jointly with SSC)
- Health and Well-being
- Invasive Alien Species (jointly with SSC)
- Large scale Marine Protected Areas
- Nature For All (jointly with CEC)
- Other Effective area-based Conservation Measures (OECM)
Thematic Groups and InitiativesEdit
Thematic Groups and Initiatives contribute to the WCPA mandate by providing cross-cutting support to the Steering Committee, Specialist Groups, Task Forces, and Initiatives. Current thematic groups include:
- "Commissions". IUCN. 2015-09-14. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
- IUCN (2010). "50 Years of Working for Protected Areas" (PDF). Retrieved 11 June 2019.
- "World Conservation Congress". IUCN. 2016-01-21. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
- "Regions". IUCN. 2016-02-02. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
- "IUCN Global Protected Areas Programme". IUCN. 2015-10-07. Retrieved 2019-06-11.
- "WCPA Thematic Vice-Chairs, Specialist Groups and Task Forces". IUCN. 2016-02-05. Retrieved 2019-06-11.