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Botvinnik (left) and Smyslov on 19 April 1957

The 1957 World Chess Championship was played between Mikhail Botvinnik and Vasily Smyslov in Moscow from March 5 to April 27, 1957. Botvinnik had been World Champion since 1948, while Smyslov earned the right to challenge by winning the 1956 Candidates tournament. This was the second World Championship match between the pair, after the drawn 1954 match.

Smyslov won the match and became the seventh World Chess Champion. However he lost the title in the 1958 rematch.

Contents

1955 Interzonal tournamentEdit

An interzonal tournament was held in Göteborg, Sweden, in August and September 1955. The top nine finishers qualified for the Candidates tournament.

1955 Interzonal Tournament
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 Total Tie break
1   David Bronstein (Soviet Union) x 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 15
2   Paul Keres (Soviet Union) 0 x 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 0 1 ½ ½ 1 13½
3   Oscar Panno (Argentina) 0 0 x ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 13
4   Tigran Petrosian (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ x ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 12½
5   Efim Geller (Soviet Union) 0 ½ 1 ½ x ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 12 111.75
6   László Szabó (Hungary) ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ x ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 12 108.50
7   Miroslav Filip (Czechoslovakia) ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ x ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 11 104.00
8   Herman Pilnik (Argentina) ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ x 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 11 102.50
9   Boris Spassky (Soviet Union) ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 x 1 0 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 0 1 1 ½ 11 102.50
10   Georgy Ilivitsky (Soviet Union) ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 x ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 10½ 100.50
11   Ludek Pachman (Czechoslovakia) ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ x ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 10½ 99.25
12   Miguel Najdorf (Argentina) ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ x 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 0 94.00
13   Carlos Guimard (Argentina) ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ x ½ 1 0 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 89.50
14   Braslav Rabar (Yugoslavia) ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ x ½ ½ ½ 0 0 1 0 9 93.50
15   Andrija Fuderer (Yugoslavia) 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 1 0 ½ ½ 0 1 0 ½ x 1 1 1 1 0 ½ 9 81.25
16   Wolfgang Unzicker (West Germany) 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 x ½ ½ ½ 1 1
17   Gideon Ståhlberg (Sweden) 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ x 1 ½ ½ 1 8 74.00
18   Arthur Bisguier (United States) 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ 0 x ½ 1 1 8 70.50
19   Antonio Medina (Spain) 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ 1 1 0 ½ ½ ½ x 0 0 53.25
20   Jan Hein Donner (Netherlands) 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 1 0 ½ 0 1 x ½ 49.25
21   Bogdan Śliwa (Poland) 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 0 0 0 1 ½ x 48.50

Ilivitsky won a 6 game match against Pachman (1-0 with 5 draws) to qualify as first reserve for the Candidates.[1]

1956 Candidates tournamentEdit

 
The 1956 Candidates tournament, Amsterdam. Left to right: Filip, Smyslov, Keres, Pilnik, Bronstein, Geller, Spassky, Petrosian, Panno, Szabó.

The 1956 Candidates tournament was held in Amsterdam in the Netherlands in April and May. As the loser of the last championship match, Smyslov was seeded directly into the tournament and joined by the top nine from the Interzonal. Smyslov won, once again becoming the challenger in the 1957 championship match.

1956 Candidates Tournament
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Score Tie break
1   Vasily Smyslov (Soviet Union) xx = = = = 0 = = = = 1 1 1 = 1 1 = = 1 11½
2   Paul Keres (Soviet Union) = = xx = = = = = = = 1 = = = 0 1 = 1 = 10
3   László Szabó (Hungary) = = = = xx 1 = = = = = = 1 0 = = = 0 1 86.00
4   Boris Spassky (Soviet Union) 1 = = = 0 = xx = = = 1 0 = = = = = = 1 84.00
5   Tigran Petrosian (Soviet Union) = = = = = = = = xx 0 = 0 1 1 = = = 1 = 82.25
6   David Bronstein (Soviet Union) = 0 = 0 = = = 0 1 = xx = 1 1 = = = = 1 81.00
7   Efim Geller (Soviet Union) 0 0 = = = 0 1 = 1 0 = 0 xx 1 1 = 1 1 = 78.75
8   Miroslav Filip (Czechoslovakia) = 0 = 1 1 = = = 0 = 0 = 0 0 xx 1 0 = 1 8 69.50
9   Oscar Panno (Argentina) 0 = 0 = = = = = = = = = = 0 0 1 xx 1 = 8 69.00
10   Herman Pilnik (Argentina) = 0 0 = 1 0 = 0 0 = = 0 0 = = 0 0 = xx 5

1957 Championship matchEdit

The match was played as best of 24 games. If it ended 12-12, Botvinnik, the holder, would retain the Championship. Smyslov won.

World Chess Championship Match 1957
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Points
  Vasily Smyslov (Soviet Union) 1 ½ ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 12½
  Mikhail Botvinnik (Soviet Union) 0 ½ ½ 1 1 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1955 Goteborg Interzonal Tournament, Mark Weeks' Chess Pages

External linksEdit