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Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly

Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly was a weekly publication that launched on May 14, 1870 by sisters Victoria Woodhull and Tennessee Claflin. It was among the first publications to be published by women.[1] It lasted until June 10, 1876.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Following Woodhull and Claflin's stock brokerage, the sisters founded Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly using funds from that endeavor. After the weekly's scandals in 1872, landlords refused to rent and the publication briefly ceased circulation.[2] At its height, the publication had national circulation of 20,000.[3]

ContentEdit

The Weekly published a variety of articles on such topics as women's suffrage, spiritualism, vegetarianism, and free love.[4] Most content was written by Woodhull, Claflin, Colonel James Harvey Blood, and Stephen Pearl Andrews.[5][6]

The publication initially carried 4 pages of advertising, but by 1872, advertisers began dropping off despite threats. The Weekly also blackmailed celebrities and politicians, justifying the articles by saying women must protect themselves if laws and the justice system wouldn't.[7]

Throughout its run, the publication chiefly promoted Woodhull's political and reform ambitions, making it the primary propaganda vehicle for Woodhull when she ran for president in 1872.[4][8]

On December 30, 1871, the Weekly was the first in the United States to publish Karl Marx's "The Communist Manifesto" in English. Woodhull and Claflin felt that the document was important in the context of the progress that the International Workingman's Association was making at the time.[5][9]

Henry Ward Beecher ScandalEdit

On November 2, 1872, Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly published a story featuring Henry Ward Beecher's affair with Theodore Tilton's wife, Elizabeth Tilton. The article made detailed allegations that America's most renowned clergyman was secretly practicing the free-love doctrines that he denounced from the pulpit. The story created a national sensation, and issues were said to have changed hands at 10 dollars apiece. Later that day, Woodhull, Claflin and Col. Blood were arrested and charged with publishing an obscene newspaper and circulating it through the United States Postal Service. In the raid, 3,000 copies of the newspaper were found. It was this arrest and Woodhull's acquittal that propelled Congress to pass the 1873 Comstock Laws. On May 17, 1873, the entire Beecher article was reprinted.[7][10][11][12]

In 1874, Woodhull, Claflin and Col. Blood were brought to court again and sued for libel against Luther C. Challis who was also featured in the same issue. The wealthy broker who knew the women when they were on Wall Street was accused of seducing two young girls. The trial lasted ten days and the trio were found not guilty by the jury.[7][13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Revolution, a weekly newspaper founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, had begun publication two years earlier in 1868.
  2. ^ Woodhull, Victoria C.; Harris, Sharon; Weinstein, Cindy (2010-01-01). Carpenter, Cari M., ed. Selected Writings of Victoria Woodhull: Suffrage, Free Love, and Eugenics. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 9780803216471. JSTOR j.ctt1dfnrv8.
  3. ^ "A Woman for President?; Perhaps you didn't know the fair sex had ever tried for the office, but one lady polled 4,159 votes in 1884". Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  4. ^ a b "Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly Journal - Victoria Woodhull and Tennie C. Claflin - Google Arts & Culture". Google Cultural Institute. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  5. ^ a b iapsop.com, inquiries at. "Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly (IAPSOP)". www.iapsop.com. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  6. ^ Havelin, Kate (2006-06-27). Victoria Woodhull: Fearless Feminist. Twenty-First Century Books. ISBN 9780822559863.
  7. ^ a b c Mott, Frank Luther (2016-12-19). A History of American Magazines, 1865-1885. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674395527.
  8. ^ "American National Biography Online: Woodhull, Victoria Claflin". www.anb.org. Retrieved 2016-12-21.
  9. ^ "Woodhull & Claflin's Weekly" (PDF). 30 December 1871. Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  10. ^ Werth, Barry (2009-01-06). Banquet at Delmonico's: great minds, the Gilded Age, and the triumph of evolution in America. Random House. ISBN 9781400067787.
  11. ^ "THE CLAFLIN FAMILY.; Arrest of Victoria Woodhull, Tennie C. Claflin and Col. Blood--They are Charged with Publishing an Obscene Newspaper". Retrieved 2016-12-19.
  12. ^ Horowitz, Helen Lefkowitz. Rereading Sex. New York: Random House, 2002.
  13. ^ "THE WOODHULL LIBEL.; ACQUITTAL OF THE DEFENDANTS. SCENES IN COURT REARREST AND DISCHARGE OF THE DEFENDANTS DELIBERATIONS OF THE JURY". Retrieved 2016-12-19.