Women Artists in Revolution

Women Artists in Revolution (WAR) was a New York City-based collective of American women artists and activists that formed in 1969.[1] They seceded from the male-dominated Art Workers' Coalition (AWC), prompted by the Whitney Museum of American Art's 1969 Annual (later the Whitney Biennial), which included only eight women out of the 143 featured artists shown.[2] In 1970, WAR members sent letters to the Whitney Museum, as well as the Museum of Modern Art, demanding both museums change their policies to be more inclusive of women artists.[3] That same year, the Ad Hoc Women Artists' Group formed and also concentrated on the discrimination of women in the Whitney Museum's annual survey exhibitions.[2] These protest efforts led to an increase of women artists at the next Whitney Annual, rising from an average of 5–10% before 1969 to 22% in 1970.[2][4] In 1971, some members of WAR, along with a group called Feminists in the Arts, created the Women's Interart Center, the first alternative feminist space, where they established a graphics and silk-screen workshop taught by the artist Jacqueline Skiles.[2] By 1972, WAR abandoned their efforts to change museum policies and focused more on consciousness-raising that concerned the struggles of women artists.[2] In 1973, two former members of WAR—Mary Ann Gillies and Joan Glueckman—co-founded SOHO 20 Gallery.[5]

Notable former membersEdit


  1. ^ A Documentary Herstory of Women Artists in Revolution (2 ed.). Pittsburgh: Know, Inc. 1973.
  2. ^ a b c d e Broude, Norma; Garrard, Mary D.; Brodsky, Judith K. (1994). The Power of Feminist Art: The American Movement of the 1970s, History and Impact. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0810937328. OCLC 29794506.
  3. ^ Rosen, Randy; Brawer, Catherine Coleman (1989). Making Their Mark: Women Artists Move into the Mainstream, 1970-85 (1st ed.). New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0896599582. OCLC 18259773.
  4. ^ Gardner-Huggett, Joanna (2007). "The Women Artists' Cooperative Space as a Site for Social Change: Artemisia Gallery, Chicago (1973—1979)". Social Justice. 34 (1): 29. JSTOR 29768420.
  5. ^ Lubell, Ellen (Summer 1976). "SoHo 20". Womanart. 1 (1): 16.

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