Wolfe Tone Square

Wolfe Tone Park (Irish: Páirc Wolfe Tone),[1] also known as Wolfe Tone Square, is a public space in Dublin, Ireland. It is bounded by Mary Street to the north, Jervis Street to the east, and Wolfe Tone Street to the west.

Wolfe Tone Square
Wolfe Tone Square - Ag Crú na Gréine “Enjoying the Sun” (2003) (Jackie McKenna).jpg
Wolfe Tone park in 2016, with Jackie McKenna's "Ag Crú na Gréine" sculpture
Wolfe Tone Square is located in Central Dublin
Wolfe Tone Square
Native name Cearnóg Wolfe Tone  (Irish)
Namesake Theobald Wolfe Tone
Area 0.4 hectares (0.99 acres)
Location Dublin, Ireland
Postal code D01
Coordinates 53°20′53″N 6°16′00″W / 53.3481°N 6.2667°W / 53.3481; -6.2667Coordinates: 53°20′53″N 6°16′00″W / 53.3481°N 6.2667°W / 53.3481; -6.2667

The park is the site of a graveyard that was attached to St. Mary's Church, and is named for Theobald Wolfe Tone (1763–1798), who was baptised in the church. The graveyard was deconsecrated in 1966 and laid out as a green park.[2] From 1998 to 2001, Dublin City Council redeveloped the park as an "urban plaza".[3][4] The park was closed for further regeneration works in late 2020, and reopened in mid-2022.[5]

ChurchyardEdit

The site, formerly the graveyard of St Mary's Church, was the burial place of the United Irishman Archibald Hamilton Rowan (1751–1834), Mary Mercer, founder of Mercer's Hospital (died 1734), the philosopher Francis Hutcheson (1694–1746), Sir Boyle Roche, 1st Baronet (1736–1807), an Irish politician and member of the Irish House of Commons, and Lord Norbury (1745–1831; known colloquially as the hanging judge).[6] The church and its graveyard were deconsecrated in 1966, and the gravestones were moved or removed.[2][6]

RedevelopmentEdit

From the 1960s to the 1990s, the site operated as a greenspace, maintained by Dublin City Council. In 1998, the council held a competition to redesign the park, which was won by Peter Cody of Boyd Cody Architects.[4] The updated layout, in the form of an "urban plaza", was completed in 2001.[3] After the square's layout was changed, it was made available by Dublin City Council for events, including the Dublin Fringe Festival.[7][8]

Following a campaign from local residents to restore "Wolfe Tone Park as a non-commercial green space",[9] there was debate in the council as to the future use of the park as of 2015.[10] Ultimately the park was closed between 2020 and 2022, and Dublin City Council redeveloped and "restore[d] it to a green space".[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Páirc Wolfe Tone / Wolftone Park". logainm.ie. Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  2. ^ a b "RTÉ Archives - New Dublin Park 1966". RTÉ. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "Wolfe Tone Park in Dublin's north inner city reopens following rejuvenation works". dublinlive.ie. 16 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  4. ^ a b Lisa Cassidy. "Wolfe Tone Park, Jervis Street, Dublin 1". Built Dublin. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Wolfe Tone Park reopens in Dublin's north inner city and promises to be 'an oasis of green space'". thejournal.ie. Journal Media Ltd. 16 May 2022. Retrieved 17 May 2022.
  6. ^ a b Sean Murphy (4 April 2006). "Notes regarding St. Mary's Churchyard (with pictures)". Centre for Irish Genealogical and Historical Studies. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Wolfe Tone Park - Dublin City Council Events Unit - Public Space Venue Assessment" (PDF). Dublin City Council. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  8. ^ "The Battle Continues Over the Future of Wolfe Tone Park". Dublininquirer.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  9. ^ "Wolfe Tone Park Community". Wolfetonepark.com. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  10. ^ McGrath, Louisa (9 September 2015). "A Community Group Struggles to Revive Wolfe Tone Park". Dublininquirer.com. Retrieved 26 February 2021.