Wola ([ˈvɔ.la], plural wole) in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, (in Latin libera villa, libertas) was a name given to agricultural villages, appearing as early as the first half of the thirteenth century and historically constituting a separate category of settlements in Poland, by comparison to others, in terms of the populace used to settle them and the freedoms they were granted. These settlers were given plots of land and exemption for a certain number of years (up to 20) from all rents, fees, and taxes, and in most cases separate institutions and charters based on either the Magdeburg law, or its local variants.
The names Wola or Wolka ("Little Wola"), usually qualified by an adjective, form part of the names of hundreds of villages in Poland.
The practice of establishing wole is known as Wolnizna in Polish. Previously was known as lgota or 'ligota", which in Old Polish means "relief", referring to tax reliefs for settlers. Accordingly, quite a few Polish settlements have names Ligota, Ligotka, Lhota, Lgota, etc.
- Lhota, a similar concept in Czech history
- Sloboda, a similar concept in Russian history
- Wola, now a borough of Warsaw
- Wola (disambiguation)
- All pages with titles containing Wola
- All pages with titles containing Wolka
- ^ "place name roots in Poland". sites.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
- ^ Kłosowska, Anna (2020). Disturbing Times. Punctum Books. p. 180.