The Wing On Bank Limited (Chinese:香港永安銀行有限公司)[1][2] was a bank in Hong Kong. It was majority owned by Wing On Holdings, a listed vehicle 68.8% controlled by the Kwok family, including Kwok Lam-po.[3]

Wing On Bank
Traditional Chinese永安銀行
Simplified Chinese永安银行



The bank was founded by the Kwok family, led by Kwok Lok (郭樂) (aka Guo Luo) and Kwok Chuen (郭泉) (aka Guo Chuan) in 1931, growing out of an insurance operation on the back of the successful Wing On department store.[4]

The Wing On Bank Limited era




The bank collapsed in 1986 when its auditors had qualified the 1985 accounts on fundamental uncertainty,[5] and its shareholders voted against a special resolution on capital injection of HK$154 million.

The Hang Seng Bank stepped in and bailed out the lender with a cash injection of HK$150 million in December 1985.[6]

Hang Seng assumed management control of the failed bank in June 1986, injected a total of HK$330 million,[7] and rapidly returned it to profit. A number of unprofitable branches were closed down.[7] The injection was transformed into a 50.3% stake.[6]

The Legislative Council approved an appropriation of HK$10 million to investigate possible criminal acts that might have caused the collapse of this and two other institutions.[8] The Commercial Crime Bureau was brought in, and investigators established the bank had collapsed on doubtful loans of $275 million relating to the personal affairs of Albert Kwok the general manager, who died in April 1986.[7]

In 1993, Hang Seng sold its majority stake in Wing On Bank to Dah Sing Bank.

D.A.H. Private Bank Ltd era


In 1997, Dah Sing Bank re-organised Wing On into a private bank, and the bank was named "D.A.H. Private Bank Ltd" (安新私人銀行有限公司), owned by Dah Sing, Abbey National and SG Hambros. In 2000, Dah Sing bought out the remainder of D.A.H. Private Bank Ltd, absorbed most of its private bank business into Dah Sing Bank itself, while the remaining business was renamed in 2001 as MEVAS Bank.

See also



  1. ^ "1970年代至1980年代左右香港永安銀行支票.本票一張". Archived from the original on 19 May 2023.
  2. ^ "1959年香港上海匯豐銀行及香港永安銀行支票". Archived from the original on 19 May 2023.
  3. ^ Appointment of Deputy Commandant, Hong Kong Auxiliary Police Force (Arthur Kwok Chi-shun). Offbeat
  4. ^ Encyclopedia of Modern China, Vol 4, part 1
  5. ^ $154m rights issue may be rejected, The Standard, 27 May 1986
  6. ^ a b K. C. Ching, Bank buyer found – but not named, The Standard, 30 April 1987
  7. ^ a b c Financial Editor, 'Closed' signs at three Wing On branches, South China Morning Post, 4 January 1987
  8. ^ $636m write-offs amid attacks on 'speculation, The Standard, 9 October 1986