William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse

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William I of Hesse (German: Wilhelm) (4 July 1466 – 8 February 1515) was the Landgrave of Hesse (Lower Hesse) from 1471 to 1493.

William I
Landgrave of Lower Hesse
Born4 July 1466
Died8 February 1515
SpouseAnna of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
HouseHouse of Hesse
FatherLouis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
MotherMechthild of Württemberg-Urach

His parents were Louis the Frank (1438–1471) and Mechthild, daughter of Count Louis I of Württemberg. On 17 February 1488 in Münden, he married Anna of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel c. 1460 - Worms 16 May 1520], daughter of William II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and Elisabeth, Countess of Stolberg, with whom he had five daughters:[1][2]

After a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1491 where he was dubbed a Knight of the Holy Sepulchre, he probably contracted syphilis. He abdicated in favor of his brother William II on 3 June 1493, and spent his life in Spangenberg.


  • Phillip Landgrebe: Der Reisebericht Dietrichs von Schachten. In: Zeitschrift für hessische Geschichte und Landeskunde (ZHG), Bd. 123 (2018), p. 177–198 (See the third chapter about the pilgrimage of Wilhelm I.: p. 185–191).


  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "brabant/brabant6.html". Genealogy.EU.
  2. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "welf/welf4.html". Genealogy.EU.

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Preceded by
Louis II
Landgrave of Lower Hesse
Succeeded by
William II