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William Ramsden (British Army officer)

  (Redirected from William Havelock Ramsden)

Major General William Havelock Chaplin Ramsden, CB, CBE, DSO, MC (3 October 1888 – 16 December 1969) was a senior British Army officer, who is most notable for commanding the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division during the Second World War.

William Ramsden
The British Army in North Africa 1942 E15295.jpg
The British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, shaking hands with Ramsden, General Officer Commanding (GOC) XXX Corps, El Alamein area, 7 August 1942.
Born3 October 1888
Chester, Cheshire, England
Died16 December 1969 (aged 81)
Aldershot, Hampshire, England
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1910–1945
RankMajor General
Service number12629
UnitWest India Regiment
East Yorkshire Regiment
Hampshire Regiment
Commands heldBritish Troops in Sudan and Eritrea
3rd Infantry Division
XXX Corps
50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division
25th Infantry Brigade
West Lancashire Area
1st Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
Battles/warsFirst World War
Arab revolt in Palestine
Second World War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross
Mentioned in dispatches

Early life and First World WarEdit

Born in Chester, Cheshire, England, on 3 October 1888, the son of Reverend Henry Plumptre Ramsden and Ethel Frances Alice Havelock, William Ramsden was educated at Bath College and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, where he was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the West India Regiment on 5 October 1910.[1][2][3] Promoted to lieutenant on 2 October 1912, Ramsden served in the First World War with the 2nd Battalion of his regiment, initially in the Cameroons and in Nigeria with his regiment and then, from 19 March 1916, as a captain in the East Yorkshire Regiment.[4] He served with the regiment on the Western Front, in France and Belgium, where he was awarded the Military Cross (MC) while attached to the 35th Battalion of the Machine Gun Corps (MGC),[5][3] and was promoted to the temporary rank of major on 16 February 1918.[6] On 22 January 1918 he married Christine Adelaide Baldwin, daughter of James Yescombe Baldwin.[2]

Between the warsEdit

Between the wars Ramsden remained in the British Army, reaching the rank of lieutenant colonel by 1933, and securing command of the 1st Battalion, Hampshire Regiment in 1936.[3] He was on active service on operations in Waziristan and Palestine during this period and was mentioned in despatches.[7] He went on to be Commander of the West Lancashire Area in 1939.[3]

Second World WarEdit

Ramsden fought in the Second World War, commanding the 25th Infantry Brigade during the fighting in France in May 1940 as part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF).[3] Mentioned in despatches for his services,[8] on 12 December 1940 he was promoted to the acting rank of major general[9] and was appointed General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division in succession to Giffard Martel. The division, which left England in mid-1941, fought well in North Africa the following year.[3] He was promoted to command XXX Corps in July 1942, which post he held until September 1942.[3] Returning to England, he was given Bernard Montgomery's old command, the 3rd Infantry Division, in December 1942, holding this post until December 1943 when succeeded by Tom Rennie.[3] From early 1944 he was deployed to the Sudan, later commanding British Troops in Sudan and Eritrea. He retired from the army in 1945.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "No. 28421". The London Gazette. 4 October 1910. p. 6980.
  2. ^ a b Smart, p. 260
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  4. ^ "No. 29513". The London Gazette (Supplement). 17 March 1916. p. 3026.
  5. ^ "No. 13375". The Edinburgh Gazette. 2 January 1919. p. 29.
  6. ^ "No. 30894". The London Gazette (Supplement). 10 September 1918. p. 10735.
  7. ^ "No. 34684". The London Gazette. 15 September 1939. p. 6330.
  8. ^ "No. 34904". The London Gazette (Supplement). 23 July 1940. p. 4580.
  9. ^ "No. 35036". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 January 1941. p. 147.

BibliographyEdit

  • Converse, Alan (2011). Armies of Empire: The 9th Australian and 50th British Divisions in Battle 1939–1945. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521194806.
  • Smart, Nick (2005). Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War. Barnesley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1844150496.

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Giffard Martel
GOC 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division
1940–1942
Succeeded by
John Nichols
Preceded by
Willoughby Norrie
GOC XXX Corps
July–September 1942
Succeeded by
Sir Oliver Leese
Preceded by
Eric Hayes
GOC 3rd Infantry Division
1942–1943
Succeeded by
Tom Rennie