William Foulke (footballer)

William Henry "Fatty" Foulke (12 April 1874 – 1 May 1916; sometimes spelled Foulk, Foulkes) was an English professional cricketer and football player. Foulke was renowned for his great size (6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)[1] by some estimates) and weight, reaching perhaps 24 stones (152 kg; 336 lb) at the end of his career, although reports on his weight vary.[2]

William Foulke
William Henry Foulke.jpg
William "Fatty" Foulke, seen here in Sheffield United colours
Personal information
Full name William Henry Foulke
Date of birth (1874-04-12)12 April 1874
Place of birth Dawley, Shropshire, England
Date of death 1 May 1916(1916-05-01) (aged 42)
Place of death Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, England
Height 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m)
Playing position(s) Goalkeeper
Youth career
Blackwell Miners Welfare
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1894–1905 Sheffield United 299 (0)
1905–1906 Chelsea 34 (0)
1906–1907 Bradford City 22 (0)
Total 355 (0)
National team
1897 England 1 (0)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

Playing careerEdit

He played four first-class matches for Derbyshire County Cricket Club in the 1900 season,[3] but is remembered primarily as a goalkeeper for Sheffield United although he later played for Chelsea and Bradford City.

After being discovered playing for village side Blackwell in a Derbyshire Cup tie at Ilkeston Town, Foulke made his debut for Sheffield United against West Bromwich Albion on 1 September 1894 and led the team to three FA Cup finals (winning two) and a League Championship.

According to The Cat's Pyjamas: The Penguin Book of Cliches (ISBN 9780141025162), the "Who ate all the pies?" chant was first sung in 1894 by Sheffield United supporters, and directed at Foulke's 300 lb (about 136 kg).[4] This is disputed, however, as a September 2019 article on the BBC Sport website pointed out that the tune to which the chant is sung, "Knees Up Mother Brown", is believed to have originated in 1918, which was some two years after Foulke's death.[5] Moreover, Foulke weighed only 178 pounds (81 kg) in 1894; the weight gain came much later.[6]

He won a single international cap for England in 1897 against Wales.

At the end of the first match in the 1902 FA Cup Final, Foulke protested to the officials that Southampton's equalising goal should not have been allowed. Foulke left his dressing room unclothed and pursued the referee, Tom Kirkham, who took refuge in a broom cupboard. Foulke had to be stopped by a group of F.A. officials from wrenching the cupboard door from its hinges to reach the hapless referee.[7][8] In the replay, Sheffield United won 2–1, with Foulke being required to make several saves to keep United in the match. He was also in goal for United when they suffered an FA Cup exit to Second Division Burslem Port Vale in 1898.

 
Bradford City in the 1906–07 season – Foulke is at the centre of the back row.

He then moved to Chelsea for a fee of £50 and was made club captain. Foulke by now was remarkably temperamental. If he thought his defenders were not trying hard enough, he would walk off the field. Opposing forwards who incurred his displeasure would be picked up and thrown bodily into his goal. He was, however, a great crowd puller, and Chelsea decided to exploit this. To draw even more attention to his size, they placed two small boys behind his goal in an effort to distract the opposition even more. The boys would sometimes run and return the ball when it went out of play, and, quite by accident, ball boys came into being.[9] Foulke stayed for just one season before moving to his final club, Bradford City.

At some stage after his retirement, Foulkes had played a beat-the-goalie contest in Blackpool. In a short obituary to Foulkes a Blackpool newspaper reminded its readers that Foulkes had "appeared in a good [sic] scoring side-show on the spare ground, Britannia Place, South Shore, where many a football aspirant tried their goal-scoring prowess against the once noted goalkeeper".[10]

He also owned a beer house in Sheffield along with a shop in Matilda Street and was known to walk around his home town wearing his FA Cup winner's medal around his neck on a homemade chain.[2]

Foulke appears in the Mitchell and Kenyon films, playing in a match on 6 September 1902. His nephew, Jim Simmons, was also a professional footballer.[11]

DeathEdit

Foulke died on 1 May 1916 aged 42 years, two weeks and five days. He was buried in Burngreave cemetery, Sheffield, England. His death certificate gives "cirrhosis" as the major cause of death.[12]

HonoursEdit

Sheffield United
Individual

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Can footballers large it?". BBC News. 7 August 2002. Retrieved 8 August 2008.
  2. ^ a b "'Fatty' Foulke: The legend of Sheffield United & Chelsea keeper". BBC Sport. 30 August 2019.
  3. ^ "William Foulke". ESPN Cricinfo. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  4. ^ Evans, Rebecca (11 September 2007). "Football legend inspired pie chant". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  5. ^ "'Fatty' Foulke: The legend of Sheffield United & Chelsea keeper". 30 August 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  6. ^ Phythian, Graham (2005). Colossus: The True Story of William Foulke. Tempus. p. 26. ISBN 0-7524-3274-5.
  7. ^ Bull, David; Brunskell, Bob (2000). Match of the Millennium. Hagiology Publishing. pp. 30–33. ISBN 0-9534474-1-3.
  8. ^ An account of the incident by the match linesman J. T. Howcroft suggests this version may be an embellishment of the facts. See "Colossus", p. 79.
  9. ^ The Sunday Times Illustrated History of Football. Reed International Books Limited. 1996. p. 16 ISBN 1-85613-341-9
  10. ^ Blackpool Times, 6 May 1916
  11. ^ Hogg, Tony (2005). Who's Who of West Ham United. Profile Sports Media. p. 186. ISBN 1-903135-50-8.
  12. ^ Phythian, Graham (2005). Colossus, The True Story of William Foulke. Tempus Publishing. ISBN 0-7524-3274-5.
  13. ^ "Messi and Ronaldo: Equal!". UPL. 8 November 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2019.
  14. ^ Skorobahatko, Anatolii (25 October 2013). "Berlin-Britz Greatest XI by Decade" (№ 88). newspaper Ukrainskyi Futbol.

External linksEdit