William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster
William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster (alias Lempster) (3 August 1648 – 7 December 1711), styled Sir William Fermor, 2nd Baronet from 1661 to 1692, was an English politician and peer.
William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster
William Fermor, 1st Baron Leominster, by Godfrey Kneller
|Born||3 August 1648|
|Died||7 December 1711(aged 63)|
|Known for||Construction of Easton Neston|
Fermor was the second but eldest surviving son of Sir William Fermor, 1st Baronet (1621-1661) (alias Farmer), of Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, by his wife Mary Perry, widow of Henry Noel, second son of Edward Noel, 2nd Viscount Campden and a daughter of Hugh Perry of the City of London.
Leominster re-built the mansion house at Easton Neston and planned the gardens and plantations, the wings being to the design of Sir Christopher Wren with the house completed 20 years later in 1702 to the design of Nicholas Hawksmoor. He adorned the whole with part of the Arundel marbles which he had purchased and which his son attempted to restore with the assistance of the Italian sculptor Giovanni Battista Guelfi, a scholar of Camillo Rusconi. The collection was afterwards greatly neglected. Horace Walpole wrote as follows to George Montagu on 20 May 1736: "Coming back, we saw Easton Neston, where in an old greenhouse is a wonderful fine statue of Tully haranguing a numerous assembly of decayed emperors, vestal virgins with new noses, Colossus's, Venus's, headless carcases, and carcaseless heads, pieces of tombs, and hieroglyphics." The marbles were presented in 1755 to the University of Oxford by Henrietta Louisa, Countess of Pomfret. A description of Easton Neston and its art treasures is included in the Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham's Pictures.
Marriage and issueEdit
- Firstly, to Jane Barker, a daughter of Andrew Barker of Fairford, Gloucestershire. Andrew Barker was of the ancient Barker (alias Coverall) family of Coverall Castle and Hopton Castle both in Shropshire, and had acquired the manor of Fairford in about 1660. By Jane Barker he had a daughter:
- Secondly, he married Catherine Poulett, a daughter of John Poulett, 3rd Baron Poulett, by whom he a daughter:
- Thirdly, he married Lady Sophia Osborne (1661–1746), widow of Donough, Lord Ibrackan (grandson and heir of Henry O'Brien, 7th Earl of Thomond), and daughter of Thomas Osborne, 1st Duke of Leeds by his wife Lady Bridget Bertie, a daughter of Montagu Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey. By Sophia he had five children including:
Death & successionEdit
- "FERMOR (FARMER), Sir William, 2nd Bt. (1648-1711), of Easton Neston, Northants. and Leicester Fields, Westminster". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Debrett, John (1840). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Guelfi was brought to England by Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, the 'architect earl'. (James Lees-Milne, The Earls of Creation, 1962:95, 97).
- Catalogue of the Duke of Buckingham's Pictures, 4to, London, 1758 (pp. 53–66).
- Debrett, John (1848). Debrett's Peerage of England, Scotland, and Ireland. revised, corrected and continued by G.W. Collen. p. 578. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
- Bigland, Ralph, An Account of the Parish of Fairford in the County of Gloucester with a Particular Description of the Stained Glass in the Windows of the Church, Engravings of Ancient Monuments with Inscriptions, etc., etc., London, 1791, p.13 
- Bigland, pp.8-10
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Hon. Christopher Hatton
Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt
| Member of Parliament for Northampton
With: Lord Ibrackan 1670–1678
Hon. Ralph Montagu 1678
Sir Hugh Cholmeley, Bt 1679
Hon. Ralph Montagu
|Peerage of England|
|New creation|| Baron Leominster
|Baronetage of England|
of Easton Neston