William Erskine (historian)
William Erskine (8 November 1773 – 28 May 1852) was a Scottish orientalist and historian.
He was born at Argyle Square in Edinburgh the son of David Erskine, a lawyer and Clerk to the Signet, and his wife Jean Melvin. He attended the High School, then studied Law, receiving a doctorate from Edinburgh University.
He married Maitland Mackintosh (1792-1861), daughter of Sir James Mackintosh and his first wife Katherine Stuart, in 1809 in Madras (now Chennai). They had fourteen children, one of whom, Frances, married the statistician and civil servant Thomas Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer. Another daughter, Mary, was head nurse in the Naval Hospital at Therapia during the Crimean War, and looked after Florence Nightingale while she recovered from illness. Erskine's sister-in-law, Mary Mackintosh, married the eminent orientalist Claudius James Rich.
Erskine wrote principally on mediaeval India, but he also completed John Malcolm's biography of Clive of India after Malcolm's death and translated the Baburnama, the memoirs of Zehir-Ed-Din Muhammed Babur, Emperor of Hindustan.
He was removed from office in 1823 by Sir Edward West after being accused of defalcation (misappropriation of funds) and for many of his later years resided in Edinburgh, as well as Pau in South West France. He was Provost of St Andrews, 1836–1839.