William Dowdeswell (politician, born 1721)
|Chancellor of the Exchequer|
16 July 1765 – 2 August 1766
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Rockingham|
|Preceded by||Hon. George Grenville|
|Succeeded by||Hon. Charles Townshend|
|Died||6 February 1775 (aged 53–54)|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford |
University of Leiden
Background and educationEdit
A son of William Dowdeswell of Pull Court, Bushley, Worcestershire, he was educated at Westminster School, at Christ Church, Oxford, then at the University of Leiden. One of his fellow students was Baron d'Holbach. He spent the summer of 1746 with him at the uncle´s Messire François-Adam, Baron d’Holbach, Seigneur de Heeze, Leende et autres Lieux (ca. 1675–1753) estate Heeze-Leende.
Dowdeswell became member of Parliament for the family borough of Tewkesbury in 1747, retaining this seat until 1754, and from 1761 until his death he was one of the representatives of Worcestershire. Becoming prominent among the Whigs, Dowdeswell was made Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1765 under the Marquess of Rockingham, and his short tenure of this position appears to have been a successful one, he being in Lecky's words a good financier, but nothing more.
To general astonishment, he refused to abandon his friends and to take office under Chatham, who succeeded Rockingham in August 1766. Dowdeswell then led the Rockingham party in the House of Commons, taking an active part in debate until his death.
In 1774 during the Parliamentary debate of the Boston Port Act he warned the act will "soon inflame all America, and stir up a contention you will not be able to pacify and quiet".
Dowdeswell married Bridget, daughter of Sir William Codrington, 1st Baronet, in 1747. He died at Nice in February 1775. The highly eulogistic epitaph on his monument at Bushley was written by Edmund Burke.
- DOWDESWELL, William (1721-75), of Pull Court, Worcs. Published in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, ed. L. Namier, J. Brooke., 1964
- Jeremy Black, "The British and the Grand Tour", (1985), p. 128
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dowdeswell, William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 457.
- Holohan, David: Christianity unveiled by Baron d'Holbach. A controversy in documents. Hodgson Press, Kingston upon Thames (2008) ISBN 978-1-906164-04-1, p. 29
- Great Britain. Parliament: The History, Debates, and Proceedings of Both Houses of Parliament of Great Britain from the Year 1743 to the Year 1774. In Seven Volumes. Vol. VII. J. Debrett, London (1792), p. 96
|Parliament of Great Britain|
The Viscount Gage
| Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury
With: The Viscount Gage
John Bulkeley Coventry
| Member of Parliament for Worcestershire
With: John Ward 1761–1774
Edward Foley 1774–1775
| Chancellor of the Exchequer