William A. Glassford
William A. Glassford
|Born||6 June 1886|
San Francisco, California
|Died||30 July 1958 (aged 72)|
San Diego, California
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal (2)|
William Alexander Glassford was born on June 6, 1886 in San Francisco, California. His father William A. Glassford (1853-1931) was a career Army officer who retired as a colonel. His brother, Pelham D. Glassford, was an Army officer who attained the rank of brigadier general. Glassford attended the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland and graduated on February 12, 1906. He was given the rank of Passed midshipman and ordered for sea duty aboard destroyer USS Preble. He spent next two years at sea, as was required by law at the time, then received his commission as an ensign.
World War IIEdit
Glassford commanded naval forces of the United States Asiatic Fleet during the first month of World War II, and then relocated to Java in the Netherlands East Indies to combine his forces with the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command ("ABDA"). His most notable battle was the Naval Battle of Balikpapan, in which he led a U.S. task force in an attack against Japanese forces that had occupied the port of Balikpapan on Borneo. When Glassford's flagships, the light cruisers USS Boise (CL-47) and USS Marblehead (CL-12), were disabled, he ordered his supporting destroyers to continue with the mission under Commander Paul H. Talbot. The attack came too late to prevent the capture of Balikpapan, and had little effect on the Japanese campaign to capture the resources of the Netherlands East Indies.
Vice Admiral William A. Glassford´s ribbon bar:
|1st Row||Navy Distinguished Service Medal with Gold Star|
|2nd Row||Mexican Service Medal||World War I Victory Medal with Destroyer Clasp||American Defense Service Medal with Fleet Clasp|
|3rd Row||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one service star||American Campaign Medal||European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with two service stars|
|4th Row||World War II Victory Medal||Honorary Companion of the Order of the Bath (United Kingdom)||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy (Italy)|
|5th Row||Papal Lateran Cross||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau with Swords||Commander of the Order of the Star of Africa (Liberia)|
- U.S. Navy Combat Narrative, The Java Sea Campaign.
- Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in World War II, Appendix I