Willem van Enckevoirt
William of Enckevoirt
|Cardinal Bishop of Utrecht|
|Appointed||1 October 1529|
|Term ended||19 July 1534|
|Predecessor||Henry of the Palatinate|
|Successor||George van Egmond|
|Created cardinal||10 September 1523|
by Pope Adrian VI
|Died||19 July 1534 (aged 69–70)|
Rome, Papal States
|Buried||Santa Maria dell'Anima, Rome|
|Previous post(s)||1523–1534 Bishop of Tortosa|
1529–1534 Bishop of Utrecht
1523–1534 Cardinal-priest of St. John and Paul
|Coat of arms|
Enckevoirt was the son of a farmer, Willem van Enckevoirt Sr., and aspired to a career in the church. He studied at Leuven, where he probably studied under Adriaan Boeyens, the later Pope Adrian VI. In 1489 he was sent to Rome, where he continued his studies at the Sapienza, and he achieved his Licentiate in 1505.
In 1495 William entered the papal court, and he collected many prebends, so that he collected the income of parishes without actually being there, an accepted practice in those days. He represented the interests of the parishes in Rome. He also managed to obtain high posts in Rome for several of his family members.
Through the election of Pope Adrian VI in 1522 his influence further increased, and together with Theodoricus Hezius he was a personal confidant of the pope. Before pope Adrian died, one of his last requests was that William be made cardinal. Some cardinals opposed this, but Adrian pushed his decision through and William was created Cardinal-priest of St. John and Paul on 10 September 1523. He was only the second cardinal ever created from the northern Netherlands, and the only cardinal created during Adrian's short reign.
After the death of Adrian in 1523, William of Enckevoirt maintained his high positions and continued his involvement in politics, such as the transfer of all lands of the Bishopric of Utrecht to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and the crowning of Charles V as emperor in 1530. During the 1527 sacking of Rome by imperial troops, he paid 40,000 scudi to Captain Odone to protect his house and properties. In 1529 he was appointed bishop of Utrecht by pope Clement VII, but he was hardly ever there; he last visited the Netherlands in 1532.
William, who was the executor of Adrian VI's will, took the initiative in erecting a funerary monument for him in Santa Maria dell'Anima. The monument was designed by Baldassare Peruzzi and included William's name and arms. He also financed the decoration of the Barbara chapel in this church by painter Michiel Coxcie.
William of Enckevoirt died on 19 July 1534. His monument, created by Giovanni Mangone, was originally located opposite of Adrian VI's tomb, but it was moved in 1575. It is still visible next to the main entrance of the church.
- NNBW, part 2, p. 436
- Miranda, Salvador. "ENCKENVOIRT, Willem van (1464-1534)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University.
- NNBW, part 2, p. 437
- John Paul Adams (August 11, 2009). "SEDE VACANTE 1523". California State University, Northridge. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
- "Willem Cardinal van Enckenvoirt" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved September 25, 2016
- P.J. Block and P.C. Molhuysen, Nieuw Nederlandsch biographisch woordenboek(NNBW), deel 2, 1912, Free digitalised version(dutch)
|Catholic Church titles|
Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens
| Bishop of Tortosa
Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens
| Cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo
Esteban Gabriel Merino
Henry of the Palatinate
| Bishop of Utrecht
George van Egmond