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Wilfrid North (16 January 1863 – 3 June 1935), also spelled Wilfred North, was an Anglo-American film director, actor, and writer of the silent film era. He directed 102 films, including short films; acted in 43 films; and wrote the story for 3 films.[1]

Wilfrid North
Wilfrid North (1920).jpg
From a 1920 trade directory
Born
William Northcroft

(1863-01-16)16 January 1863
London, England
Died3 June 1935(1935-06-03) (aged 72)
Hollywood, United States
Other namesWilfred North
OccupationFilm actor, director and writer

Contents

BiographyEdit

Wilfrid North was born in London on 16 January 1863.[2][3] A stage actor long before entering films, North had appeared on Broadway in 1899 with Mrs. Fiske and Maurice Barrymore in Becky Sharp and with Julia Marlowe in 1901 in When Knighthood was in Flower.

North joined Vitagraph Studios as a director in 1912.[4] Vitagraph appointed him the director of films of its comedy star, John Bunny. North directed several films of the Bunny series like Bunny's Honeymoon, Bunny Versus Cutey, Bunny and the Bunny Hug, Bunny's Birthday Surprise, Bunny as a Reporter, Bunny's Dilemma and Bunny for the Cause, earning him popularity in the Vitagraph Studios, which led to his appointment as the supervising director of the company's studio in Brooklyn in 1917.[4]

Actress Anita Stewart, who had started her acting career at Vitagraph and had acted in several films directed by her brother-in-law Ralph Ince, felt that the new director, North, was incompetent in his work, and went on strike during the production of two films.[5] However, when Stewart had set up her own production company called Anita Stewart Productions, she acted in the 1919 film Human Desire, directed by North.[5]

In September 1913 North was temporarily blinded as a result of a yacht-cannon that exploded prematurely during the principal photography of the film Miss Tomboy and Freckles.[6] The incident happened at the Atlantic Yacht Club in Sea Gate, New York when the film crew was preparing for the filming of a yacht race. It was believed that spark from one of the actor's cigarettes had caused the explosion. North's face was badly burnt as he was pouring flour into the cannon.[7] He recovered and returned to work on the film on 15 October.[6]

Along with J. Stuart Blackton he directed Vitagraph's controversial 1915 war film The Battle Cry of Peace,[8] based on the book Defenseless America by Hudson Maxim, which called on the United States to enter World War I against Germany.[9]

In 1920 another film production studio, Select Pictures, signed him as director. North worked for Select Pictures for a short period of time but eventually returned to Vitagraph, which made him the company's production manager.[1][4] Among the most famous of North's later films was His Brother's Keeper[10] (filmed in 1920 but released in 1921), a crime horror film, now considered lost,[11] starring Martha Mansfield and Albert Barrett in the lead roles. After the introduction of talkies, North started playing supporting roles in films, especially the characters of judges,[11] which he played in Port of Dreams (1929),[1] No More Children (1929),[1] The Trial of Mary Dugan (1929),[12] Girl Overboard (1929), Red-Headed Woman (1932),[13] The Washington Masquerade (1932),[1] Unashamed (1932),[12] Penguin Pool murder (1932),[1] and The Defense Rests (1934).[12] His last film was Diamond Jim, in which he played a stockbroker.[1]

North also acted in and directed various plays for theatre. He directed the 1917 stageplay Daybreak, written by Jane Cowl and Jane Murfin, and produced by Selwyn & Co. The play was staged in Harris Theatre from 14 August 1917 to October 1917.[14]

PersonalEdit

North married actress Marian F. Gragg (1887–1945).[15] He died on 3 June 1935[16] in Hollywood.

His 1931 film Corianton: A Story of Unholy Love was screened at the 13th LDS Film Festival in 2014.[17]

Selected filmographyEdit

DirectorEdit

ActorEdit

WriterEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Wilfrid North (1863–1935) – Director, actor, writer". IMDb. 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  2. ^ "WILFRED NORTH: Film information". citwf.com. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Wilfred North movies, photos, movie reviews, filmography, and biography". Allmovie. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Soister, John (2012). American Silent Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Feature Films, 1913–1929. McFarland. p. 28. ISBN 0786487909.
  5. ^ a b "Anita Stewart – Women Films Pioneers Project". Women Films Pioneers Project. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Wilfred Northton out of danger". Moving Picture World: 134. October 1913. Retrieved 18 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Spark is blown into cannon". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Cincinnati, Ohio. 17 September 1913. p. 9. Retrieved 17 December 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  
  8. ^ Giglio, Ernest D. (2010). Here's Looking at You: Hollywood, Film & Politics. Peter Lang. p. 320. ISBN 1433106442.
  9. ^ Reinhart, Mark S. (2009). Abraham Lincoln on Screen: Fictional and Documentary Portrayals on Film and Television. McFarland. p. 51. ISBN 0786452617.
  10. ^ "His Brother's Keeper". frenchfilms.info. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  11. ^ a b Wollstein, Hans J. (2010). "Wilfred North". All Media Guide. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "Wilfred North". Turner Entertainment. 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  13. ^ "Red-Headed Woman (1932) – Full Cast and Crew". IMDb. 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  14. ^ "Daybreak". Internet Broadway Database. 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Mrs. Wilfrid North (1887–1945) – Actress". IMDb. 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  16. ^ "North, Wilfrid | BFI". British Film Institute. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  17. ^ "Feature Films – 13TH LDS FILM FESTIVAL 2014". ldsfilmfestival.org. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  18. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2004). Fort Lee: The Film Town. Indiana University Press. p. 325. ISBN 9780861966523.
  19. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2008). Hollywood on the Hudson: Film and Television in New York from Griffith to Sarnoff. Rutgers University Press. p. 240. ISBN 9780813542935.
  20. ^ Goble, Alan (1999). The Complete Index to Literary Sources in Film. Walter de Gruyter. p. 369. ISBN 3110951940.
  21. ^ Sara T. Combs (2013). Film Propaganda and American Politics: An Analysis and Filmography. Routledge. p. 184. ISBN 1317929063.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  22. ^ a b Langman, Larry (1998). American Film Cycles: The Silent Era. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 170, 310. ISBN 0313306575. Retrieved 20 May 2014.
  23. ^ a b c d Library of Congress. Copyright Office (1917). Catalogue of Copyright Entries: Pamphlets, leaflets, contributions to newspapers or periodicals, etc.; lectures, sermons, addresses for oral delivery; dramatic compositions; maps; motion pictures, Volume 14, Issue 1. U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 153, 304, 454, 559. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  24. ^ Wilson, Dall (2008). Alice Nielsen and the Gayety of Nations. Wilson, Dall. p. 193. ISBN 9789979978749. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  25. ^ Gmür, Leonhard (14 November 2013). "D". Rex Ingram: Hollywood's Rebel of the Silver Screen. epubli. pp. 188, 191. ISBN 9783844246018. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  26. ^ Finamore, Michelle Tolini (28 January 2013). "Fashion and Film in the Progressive Era". Hollywood Before Glamour: Fashion in American Silent Film. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 9780230389502. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  27. ^ Golden, Eve (29 March 2013). "9". John Gilbert: The Last of the Silent Film Stars. University Press of Kentucky. p. 1924. ISBN 9780813141633. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
  28. ^ Reid, John Howard (2008). Silent Films & Early Talkies on DVD: A Classic Movie Fan's Guide. Lulu.com. p. 276. ISBN 9781435710733.
  29. ^ Backer, Ron (1998). Mystery Movie Series of 1930s Hollywood. McFarland. p. 381. ISBN 0313306575.
  30. ^ Mank, Gregory William. Hollywood Cauldron: Thirteen Horror Films from the Genre's Golden Age. McFarland. p. 157. ISBN 0786462558.

External linksEdit