Wiesbaden (region)

The Wiesbaden Region (German: Regierungsbezirk Wiesbaden) was one of three administrative regions (along with Darmstadt Region and Kassel Region) from which the state of Hesse was formed in 1945.

Regierungsbezirk Wiesbaden, 1905

Regierungsbezirk (government region)Edit

Following the Prussian annexations after the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, the administrative region of Wiesbaden was founded on February 22, 1867, comprising the formerly independent Duchy of Nassau, the Landgraviate of Hesse-Homburg and the formerly Free City of Frankfurt, previously states of the German Confederation. The Wiesbaden Region was one of the two political subdivisions (along with Kassel Region) within the province of Hesse-Nassau (the Prussian province formed in 1868 including, besides the Wiesbaden Region, further the former Electorate of Hesse, previously another member of the German Confederation).

In 1945 the northwestern part of region was dissected, when the Wiesbaden Region was divided between the American and the French zone of occupation in Germany. The bulk of region with the city of Wiesbaden continued to exist as a region within the new state of Hesse. The dissected northwest formed a new region, the Montabaur Region within Rhineland-Palatinate.

In 1968, the region was dissolved, and its territory was merged in the Darmstadt Region.

Region presidents (Regierungspräsidenten)Edit

Bezirksverband (regional association)Edit

Unlike other Prussian regions the Wiesbaden Region was not only an administrative entity of the Prussian government, but its pertaining counties formed a body, the Bezirksverband Nassau or Wiesbaden (about: regional association),[1] with its own representative assembly (Nassauischer Kommunallandtag Wiesbaden, i.e. Nassau Communal Diet, existed between 1866 and 1933) and premises provided and tasks fulfilled for the entirety of the counties within the region. These tasks comprised among others schools, traffic installations, sanitary premises, hospitals, cultural institutions, jails etc. The same was the case in the Kassel Region with an own assembly (Kurhessischer Kommunallanddtag Kassel).

In most other Prussian provinces the tasks and rights of a Bezirksverband were fulfilled by the Provinzialverband (provincial association), comprising as members all the counties in a province instead of a region. The Nassau Communal Diet elected a regional government (first Verwaltungsausschuss, later Landesausschuss, i.e. administrative / land committee) presided over by the Landesdirektor (i.e. land director) or Landeshauptmann (i.e. land captain).[1] On 8 June 1885 the Kommunalständischer Verband Frankfurt (i.e. Communal Estate Association of Frankfurt), holding the same responsibilities in the territory of the former Free City of Frankfurt upon Main, was merged into the regional association of Wiesbaden.[1] The same reform enfranchised the Nassau Communal Diet to elect representatives for the newly established provincial diet of the Province of Hesse-Nassau, first convened in 1886.[1]

In the course of the democratisation of the Prussian administration after 1918 the communal diets were directly elected by the people. After the abolition of the Nassau Communal Diet by the Nazi dictatorship each Landeshauptmann was appointed. After 1945 the administrative committees elected the Landeshauptmann, the regional parliament was not reestablished. In 1953 the Wiesbaden regional association was dissolved and its tasks and assets transferred to the new statewide State Welfare Association of Hesse (Landeswohlfahrtsverband Hessen).

Elections to the communal dietsEdit

e • d  Summary of the Nassau Commual Diet direct election results
Parties %
1921
+/-
1921
Seats
1921
+/-
1921
%
1925
+/-
1925
Seats
1925
+/-
1925
%
1929
+/-
1929
Seats
1929
+/-
1929
%
1933
+/-
1933
Seats
1933
+/-
1933
SPD 29.9 18 30.6 +0.7
(-4.6)
16 -2
(-5)
26.2 -4.4 14 -2 17.8 -8.4 10 -4
USPD 5.3 +5.3 3 +3 merged
in SPD
Zentrum 20.6 12 22.5 +1.9 12 -2 18.9 -3.6 10 -2 16.1 -2.8 10 0
DVP 18.2 +18.2 11 +11 6.3 -5.9 3 -8 9.7 +3.4 5 +2 0 -5
DNVP[2] 10.8 +10.8 7 +7 5.4 -5.4 3 -4 5.2 -0.2 3 0 6[2] +0.8 4 +1
DDP[3] 9.7 +9.7 7 +7 5.9 -3.8 4 -3 4.5 -1.4 3 0 1.7[3] -2.8 0 -3
KPD[4] 3.4 +3.4 2 +2 6.4 +3 4 +2 8.21 +1.81 5 +1 7 -1.21 4 -1
HNASL not run not run not run not run 14.1 +14.1 7 +7 0 -7 0 0
WP not run not run not run not run 7.8 +7.8 3 +3 5.1 -2.7 3 0 0 -3
NSDAP not run not run not run not run 8.19 4 +4 48.6 +40,41 27 +23
CNBL not run not run not run not run not run not run not run not run 8.4 +8.4 5 +5 0 -5
NaLa 1 +1 0 -1 0 0 0 0
Total
1921
61 Total
1925
52 Total
1929
52 Total
1933
55

Land director and land captains (Landesdirektor / Landeshauptmann)Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Eckhart G. Franz, Die Chronik Hessens, Dortmund: Chronik Verlag, 1991. ISBN 3-611-00192-9
  • Karl Müller, Preußischer Adler und Hessischer Löwe – Hundert Jahre Wiesbadener Regierung 1866–1966, Wiesbaden: 1966
  • Andreas Anderhub, Verwaltung im Regierungsbezirk Wiesbaden 1866 - 1885, Historische Kommission für Nassau (ed.), Wiesbaden: 1977

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Stephanie Zibell, "Nassauischer Kommunallandtag", on: Stadtlexikon Wiesbaden, retrieved on 2 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b In 1933 the DNVP ran under the list KFSWR, also including Der Stahlhelm and the LB.
  3. ^ a b In 1933 the DDP had merged with other groups into the DStP.
  4. ^ In 1921 the party was named United Communist Party of Germany, VKPD.