Wieden (German pronunciation: [ˈviːdn̩] ; Viennese: Wiedn) is the 4th municipal district of Vienna, Austria (German: 4. Bezirk). It is near the centre of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but its borders were changed later.[2] Wieden is a small region near the city centre.[2] After World War II, Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna for 10 years.

Wiedn (Bavarian)
4th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Wieden
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
 • District DirectorLeopold Plasch (SPÖ)
 • First DeputyLea Halbwidl (SPÖ)
 • Second DeputyBarbara Neuroth (Green)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
SPÖ 13, Green 11,
ÖVP 7, FPÖ 6, NEOS 3
 • Total1.80 km2 (0.69 sq mi)
 • Total32,745
 • Density18,000/km2 (47,000/sq mi)
Postal code
Address of
District Office
Favoritenstraße 18
A-1040 Wien

History edit

The name Wieden was first recorded in 1137, and is thus the oldest Vorstadt (former municipality within the Linienwall) of Vienna. The main street (Wiedner Hauptstraße) is certainly even older. The district was the site of the former royal Summer residence, which was completed under Ferdinand II, and was expanded many times until Maria Theresa sold it to the Jesuits. Today it is the Theresianum, a prestigious private boarding school, while the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna resides in a wing of the building.

In the beginning of the 18th century, the development of Wieden as a suburb began. Many palaces and other buildings were built. Two small Vorstädte in the area of the present fourth district were Hungelbrunn and Schamburgergrund.

These three areas along with a number of others were incorporated into the city of Vienna as the fourth district on March 6, 1850. Because of social and economic differences, Margareten was separated from the fourth district to form the fifth district in 1861.

The so-called Freihaus, built in 1700 and the largest apartment building/tenement of the time, was located in this area, although by 1970 its state had deteriorated. The name has been rehabilitated in recent years to give an identity to the local bars, restaurants and independent retailers.[3] During the occupation by the allies (1945–1955), Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna.

The Vienna University of Technology is located in this district with its main administration buildings being located in Karlsplatz and a nearby satellite campus in the 6th district across the Wienzeile.

Famous residents edit

St. Charles's Church
The ORF Funkhaus (radio building) is located in Wieden

Sights edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016), Statistik Austria.
  2. ^ a b Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
  3. ^ "Freihausviertel Wieden". facebook.com. Retrieved 2023-10-14.[self-published source]

References edit

  • "Wien - 5. Bezirk/Wieden", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-wieden (in German).

48°11′22″N 16°21′42″E / 48.18944°N 16.36167°E / 48.18944; 16.36167