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Weymouth Sands

Weymouth Sands was written by John Cowper Powys in rural upper New York State and published in February 1934 in New York City by Simon and Schuster. It was published in Britain as Jobber Skald in 1935 by John Lane. Weymouth Sands was the third of John Cowper Powys's so-called Wessex novels, which include Wolf Solent (1929), A Glastonbury Romance (1932), and Maiden Castle (1936).[1] Powys was an admirer of novelist and poet Thomas Hardy, and these novels are set in Somerset and Dorset, part of Hardy's mythical Wessex. American scholar Richard Maxwell describes these four novels "as remarkably successful with the reading public of his time".[2] The setting of this novel is the English seaside town of Weymouth, Dorset.

Weymouth Sands
The Esplanade, Weymouth looking towards Jubilee Clock - geograph.org.uk - 1146115.jpg
Weymouth seafront
AuthorJohn Cowper Powys
LanguageEnglish
GenreNovel
Published1934 US; 1936 UK as Jobber Skald
PublisherSimon & Schuster
Media typePrint
Preceded byA Glastonbury Romance (1932) 
Followed byAutobiography (1934); Maiden Castle (1936) 

Contents

BackgroundEdit

 
Brunswick Terrace, Weymouth, Dorset. Powys's paternal grandmother lived in Penn House, 21 Brunswick Terrace

Powys's paternal grandmother lived in Weymouth, and when his father became a curate in nearby Dorchester, the family took temporary lodgings behind Brunswick Terrace, where she lived in 1879.[3] Weymouth remained throughout Powys's life the place where he was most at home and "[a]lways in [his] memory was the pebbled seashore opposite Brunswick Terrace".[4] C.A. Coates in her book on Powys notes the importance of Weymouth for his imagination, quoting from Autobiography: "every aspect of the Weymouth Coast sank into my mind with such a transubstantiating magic" that "it is through the medium of these things that I envisage all the experiences of my life".[5] When he died in 1963 Powys's ashes were scattered on nearby Chesil Beach. Powys notes in his Diary on Valentine's Day 1932 that "I'm really going to begin my Weymouth Book" and he also records that he had been given "Hardy's Well-Beloved by his lover Phyllis Playter, a novel which is set in on the Isle of Portland where Jobber Skald, the protagonist of Weymouth Sands, comes from.[6]

Weymouth Sands is the title of the American first edition and an English edition then appeared in 1935, but prior to its publication Powys and his English publishers were successfully sued for libel by Gerard Hodgkinson, who claimed that the character of Philip Crow in A Glastonbury Romance had been based on him. The damages awarded crippled Powys financially, and he was forced to make substantial changes to the British edition of Weymouth Sands.[7] The title of the English version was changed to Jobber Skald (1935) and all references to the real-life Weymouth were cut.[8] "Powys tells the story of Jobber Skald - a large, somewhat brutish man, obsessed with the urge to kill the local magnate of the town because of the man's contempt for the workers of the local quarry - and his redeeming love for Perdita Wane, a young girl from the Channel Islands. Weymouth Sands boasts a striking collection of human oddities including a famous clown, his mad brother, a naive Latin teacher, a young philosopher, and an abortionist."[9] Novelist Margaret Drabble comments, "Weymouth Sands is a celebration of the seaside town [Powys] had loved as a child, but its tone is far from innocent. The novel features a sinister clown figure and Punch and Judy shows: Powys was not one to shy away from the suggestions of violence and child sex abuse that are now routinely associated with such entertainments."[10]

Critical receptionEdit

Philosopher John Gray comments that

In Wolf Solent and Weymouth Sands, perhaps the most accomplished of the Wessex series of novels that includes the panoramic Glastonbury Romance, Powys evokes the floating world of moment-to-moment awareness as found in a collection of characters living on the edges of society, struggling to fashion a life in which their contradictory impulses could somehow be reconciled. The fusion of introspective analysis with an animistic sense of the elemental background of human life which he achieves in these books is unique in European literature.[11]

Weymouth Sands was translated into French by Marie Canavaggia in 1958, and published as Les sables de la mer (Éditions Plon, Paris)

BibliographyEdit

  • Collins, H. P., "The Sands Do Not Run Out", in Essays on John Cowper Powys, edited Belinda Humfrey. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1972, pp. 206–18.
  • Humfrey, Belinda, ed.The Powys Review. Index to critical articles and other material: [1]
  • Krissdottir, Morine. Descents of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys. New York: Overlook Duckworth, 2007, pp. 273–81.
  • Low, Anthony, "Dry Sand and Wet Sand: Margins and Thresholds in Weymouth Sands", in In the Spirit of Powys: New essays. Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 1990, pp. 112–135.
  • Peltier, Jacqueline, ed. la lettre powysienne. Index to critical articles and other material: [2] .
  • Powys, John Cowper, Weymouth Sands. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1934; as Jobber Skald, London: John Lane, 1935.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Herbert Williams, John Cowper Powys. Bridgend, Wales: Seren, 1997, p. 94.
  2. ^ "Two Canons: On the Meaning of Powys's Relation to Scott and his Turn to Historical Fiction", Western Humanities Review, vol. LVII, no. 1, Spring 2003, p. 103.
  3. ^ Morine Krissdóttir, Descents of Memory: The Life of John Cowper Powys. New York: Overlook Duckworth, 2007, p. 29.
  4. ^ Morine Krissdottir, Descents of Memory, p. 29.
  5. ^ John Cowper Powys in Search of a Landscape'‘. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble, 1982, p. 119. See Autobiography, London: Macdonald, 1967, p. 151.
  6. ^ Petrushka and the Dancer: The Diaries of John Cowper Powys 1929-1939, selected and edited by Morine Krissdottir. Manchester: Carcanet Press, 1995, pp. 95-6.
  7. ^ Morine Krissdóttir, Descents of Memory, pp. 301-2, 304-7, 320.
  8. ^ Morine Krissdóttir, Descents of Memory, pp. 307-8.
  9. ^ Powys Society's webpage
  10. ^ The English Degenerate", The Guardian 12 August, 2006.
  11. ^ http://www.literaryreview.co.uk/gray_11_07.html