West Newton English and Classical School
West Newton English and Classical School, also known as the Allen School, was a model school in West Newton, Massachusetts, United States. It was established in 1854 by Nathaniel Topliff Allen with the encouragement of Horace Mann.
The school was unusual at the time in that it had a racially integrated, co-educational student body. It offered a kindergarten program based upon the principles of Froebel's Kindergarten System, and included gymnastics in its curriculum, both of which were, in America, educational innovations. The school's coursework included reading, spelling, arithmetic, geography, geology, and bookkeeping. Daily journals kept by students were critiqued every two weeks. The school also taught art, music, dancing and ethics. Students attended lectures by guest speakers such as Theodore Parker, William Lloyd Garrison, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. Many of Allen's relatives, including his uncles, brothers, cousins, nieces, and three daughters, lived and taught at the school, and provided lodging in their homes for students.
Over the course of its 50 years in existence, more than 5,000 students attended the school. Students came from all over the world, and many graduates, both men and women, went on to have careers in medicine, law, government, and education.
- Rebecca Lee Crumpler (1831–1895), the first African-American woman to become a physician in the United States. She received her medical degree in 1864 from the New England Female Medical College.
- Elizabeth Piper Ensley (1847–1919), educator, suffragette, and activist.
- Sarah Fuller (1836–1927), educator of the deaf, who worked with Alexander Graham Bell and Helen Keller.
- Mary Ann Greene (1857–1936), lawyer.
- Henry E. Warren (1872–1957), inventor and businessman.
- Joseph Morrill Wells, architect.
- Webster Wells (1851–1916), mathematician, educator, and author.
- William Francis Allen, assistant principal in 1856
- "Newton, MA – Allen Family". Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "Nathaniel T. Allen Biography and Photographs, 1845–1938". Massachusetts History. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- Vernon L. Farmer; Evelyn Shepherd Wynn (2012). Voices of Historical and Contemporary Black American Pioneers. ABC-CLIO. pp. 11–12. ISBN 978-0-313-39224-5. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Henry Louis Gates; Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham (March 23, 2004). African American Lives. Oxford University Press. pp. 199–200. ISBN 978-0-19-988286-1. Retrieved May 2, 2013.
- "Obituary for Elizabeth Piper Ensley (Aged 62)". The New York Age. March 15, 1919. p. 2. Retrieved March 4, 2020.