West Africa Command

West Africa Command was a Command of the British Army. Conflicting information indicates that the command was either based at Achimota College in Accra or in Nigeria.[1] It was disbanded in 1956.[2]

West Africa Command
Westafrica command.svg
Formation Sign
Active1940 to 1956
Country United Kingdom
BranchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
TypeCommand
Garrison/HQAchimota College, Accra, Gold Coast

HistoryEdit

After the First World War, military forces in the four British West African colonies (Nigeria, the Gold Coast, Sierra Leone, and the Gambia) were under the control of the individual colonial governments. "The regiments of the four colonies were all under the umbrella of the Royal West African Frontier Force. An Inspector General of African Colonial Forces was appointed to oversee their training and act as military adviser to the colonial governments. H.Q. Military Forces West Africa was formed on the 7 July 1940 with the arrival of Lieutenant General George Giffard and one staff officer. The headquarters were established on the 15 July near Accra. His task was the defence of all West African territories and coordination of all Military resources in these colonies."[3] Additionally the command was an important recruiting ground for allied servicemen: it recruited 200,000 soldiers for the allies while defending itself from Vichy aggression.[4] The basis for the command was the units and establishments of the Royal West African Frontier Force.

From 31 May 1944, there was a Royal Air Force communications squadron associated with the area, and at times directly associated with the West Africa Command. The West Africa Communication Squadron RAF was formed on 31 May 1944; disbanded July 1945 and renamed twice; reformed on 1 October 1946 at RAF Waterloo in South Africa; and finally disbanded on 25 September 1947.[5]

 
West Africa Command's military area of responsibility.

Postwar plans to raise an infantry division in West Africa as part of a British strategic reserve were not realised due to lack of funding.[6] It would have required 1,200 British officers and NCOs, consstruction totalling ₤13 million, and taken four to six years to establish.

After disbandment, West Africa Command's infrastructure was used by the new Ghana Army.

Its insignia (a leaning palm tree) is still worn today by members of the British Peace Support Team, Ghana, including personnel based at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre.

Commanders-in-ChiefEdit

Commanders-in-Chief have included:[7][8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The development of African History as a discipline in the English-speaking World, Page 30
  2. ^ National Records Office
  3. ^ British Military History - West Africa Command 1930 - 47
  4. ^ The British Empire and the Second World War By Ashley Jackson, Page 175 Hambledon Continuum, 2006, ISBN 978-1-85285-417-1
  5. ^ a b Lake 1999, p. 290.
  6. ^ Lee, J. M., African Armies and Civil Order, New York: Praeger, 1969. (Page number needed); David Killingray (1979). "The Idea of a British Imperial African Army". The Journal of African History. 20 (3): 435.
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanacks 1940–1955
  8. ^ Army Commands

External linksEdit