Walter de Beauchamp (justice)

Walter II de Beauchamp (1192/3 – 1236),[1] of Elmley Castle in Worcestershire (12 miles south-east of the City of Worcester), was hereditary Sheriff of Worcestershire.

Arms of Beauchamp: Gules, a fesse between six cross crosslets or

OriginsEdit

He was the second son and eventual heir of William II de Beauchamp (d.1197) of Elmley, hereditary constable of Worcester Castle and hereditary Sheriff of Worcestershire, who died when Walter was aged about 5, when his wardship and marriage was acquired firstly by William de Braose[2] and secondly, for the sum of 3,000 marks,[3] by Roger Mortimer (d. 1214) of Wigmore Castle.

Early originsEdit

He was the great-grandson of Walter I de Beauchamp (d.1133) of Elmley Castle, hereditary Sheriff of Worcestershire, who married Emmeline d'Abetot, daughter and heiress of Urse d'Abetot (c.1040-1108), feudal baron of Salwarpe in Worcestershire and Sheriff of Worcestershire in about 1069. Walter I de Beauchamp inherited his father-in-law's barony and also inherited Elmley Castle and other estates (held from the Bishop of Worcester) from his wife's uncle Robert d'Abetot.[4]

CareerEdit

Walter's elder brother William died before Michaelmas 1211, leaving Walter as his heir, then aged 19. In 1212, still not having reached the age of mojority (i.e. 21), he was married to Johanna Mortimer (d.1225), his warder's daughter. He was in possession of his barony[citation needed] by 1214. He obtained his father's hereditary office of Sheriff of Worcestershire on 19 August 1215, but lost it in May 1216 when, with nineteen of his knights, he deserted to the rebels. He returned to his allegiance to King John in August 1216, and was reinstated in his lands. Walter was a witness at the re-issue of Magna Carta on 11 November 1216 and in March 1217 he was restored by King Henry III to his shrievalty and castellanship, and became Keeper of the Royal Forests in Worcestershire. He witnessed the further re-issue of Magna Carta on 11 February 1225.

Marriages and childrenEdit

He married twice:

DeathEdit

Walter died on 11 April 1236.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mason, Emma. "Beauchamp, Walter de", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 23 September 2004. Accessed 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ Sanders, p.76, note 2, where Walter II is incorrectly called William II
  3. ^ Sanders, p.76, note 2
  4. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960, pp.75-6