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W3 Catalog was a very early web search engine, first released on September 2, 1993[1] by developer Oscar Nierstrasz at the University of Geneva.

The engine was given firstly the name jughead, but then renamed. [2] Unlike later search engines, like Aliweb, which attempt to index the web by crawling over the accessible content of web sites, W3 Catalog exploited the fact that many high-quality, manually maintained lists of web resources were already available. W3 Catalog simply mirrored these pages, reformatted the contents into individual entries, and provided a Perl-based front-end to enable dynamic querying.[3][4]

At the time, CGI did not yet exist, so W3 Catalog was implemented as an extension to Tony Sander's Plexus web server, implemented in Perl.

W3 Catalog was retired on December 8, 1996. [3] At an unknown date after December 8, 1996 the engine was re-activated.[5]


  1. ^ Oscar Nierstrasz (2 September 1993). "Searchable Catalog of WWW Resources (experimental)".
  2. ^ Oscar Nierstrasz (November 8, 1996), Software Composition Group, Universit├Ąt Bern accessed and retrieved April 18th, 2019
  3. ^ a b "W3 Catalog History".
  4. ^ Thomas R. Gruber, Sunil Vemuri and James Rice (December 1995). "Virtual documents that explain How Things Work: Dynamically generated question-answering documents". Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Stanford University.
  5. ^ accessed 18th of April 2019