Vykhino (Moscow Metro)

Vykhino (Russian: Выхино) is a station on Moscow Metro's Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line. Opened on 31 December 1966 as the final part of the Zhdanovskiy Radius, the station was the southeastern terminus of the line until 9 November 2013, when the extension to Lermontovsky Prospekt and Zhulebino was opened.[1] The metro station is part of a multi-modal transfer hub, which also consists of the mainline suburban railway (Kazanskoye direction).

Vykhino

Выхино
Moscow Metro station
Vykhino-mm.jpg
LocationVykhino-Zhulebino District
South-Eastern Administrative Okrug
Moscow
Russia
Coordinates55°42′56″N 37°49′05″E / 55.7156°N 37.8181°E / 55.7156; 37.8181Coordinates: 55°42′56″N 37°49′05″E / 55.7156°N 37.8181°E / 55.7156; 37.8181
Owned byMoskovsky Metropoliten
Line(s)#7 Tagansko–Krasnopresnenskaya line Tagansko–Krasnopresnenskaya line
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks2
ConnectionsBus: 169, 177, 184, 197, 209, 232, 247, 285, 602, 615, 620, 669, 697, 706, 722, 731, 747, 772, 772к, 821, 956, t30
Trolleybus: 64
Construction
Structure typeGround-level
Platform levels1
ParkingNo
Other information
Station code110, VKh
History
Opened31 December 1966; 54 years ago (1966-12-31)
Previous namesZhdanovskaya
Services
Preceding station   Moscow Metro   Following station
toward Planernaya
Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya line
toward Kotelniki
Location
Vykhino is located in Moscow Metro
Vykhino
Vykhino
Location within Moscow Metro

Originally, the station (as well as the line) was called Zhdanovskaya after Soviet revolutionary and politician Andrei Zhdanov. However, in 1988 the station was renamed for the village of Vykhino that was absorbed by Moscow in 1960.[2]

HistoryEdit

Originally designed by A. Strelkov and V. Cheremin, the whole complex has four platforms, two of which are island platforms. The railway uses four out of the six tracks, while the metro uses the other two. It is the only station where is impossible to get from one platform to another without leaving the metro. Two pedestrian subways exist for the transfer between platforms (the transfer complex is above ground level and passengers must ascend to get onto the platforms). Direct railway to metro connections is only possible from Moscow-bound mainline trains onto centre-bound metro trains, where the combined platform is divided lengthwise between the metro and the railway. To transfer in the opposite direction, the subways must be used.

When the transfer complex was built, long-term passenger load was underestimated. As a result, Vykhino became the busiest and most crowded station of the metro system, due to its position at the edge of Moscow, near many highly populated areas in the hinterland. In addition to the railway traffic, Vykhino also has a large bus station nearby and many passengers from the surrounding Moscow Oblast travel to central Moscow via Vykhino. As a result, the station has some of the largest passenger numbers of the metro network — 176,629 passengers per day at the start of 2009. At morning rush hour, each third train does not board at this and the following Ryazansky Prospekt stations to pick up passengers at Kuzminki station with good bus service.

Initially, the railway commuter passenger trains stopped just outside the metro pavilion. However, since the early 1990s, they have been making longer journeys well beyond the metro trains' arrival zone, and most of the passengers were forced to walk a train's length. By the early 2000s, it was clear that the transfer point needed significant reconstruction. In 2004 the station was closed to mainline trains (passengers were told to use the Kazansky railway station instead). During this time the old 1960s concrete hinged roofs on the railway platforms were knocked down. These were replaced with modern light green and white transparent roofs with decorative features. The stairwells from the subways were covered with separate pavilions where turnstiles were inserted, and the concrete floor was repaved with stone. The combined metro and railway platform were re-divided along the width where a pavilion was built. Thus the centre-bound metro platform was nearly trebled in area (accounting for the dismantled ticket offices as well), and safety walls were installed on the railway side. The metro part of the station kept its hinged roofs, but these were wholly repainted, and the crude lighting elements in the hinges were replaced with newer ones so giving the platform a cleaner look. The subways were also widened and cleaned up with the old tile work replaced by marble. Additional subway was built as well. The complex was re-opened to the public on 2 October 2004.

Behind the station is a surface cross junction used for reversal and the tracks lead on to the Vykhino depot.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Метро "Жулебино" и "Лермонтовский проспект" открыли для пассажиров. M24.ru (in Russian). November 9, 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Какие станции московского метро были переименованы и почему?" (in Russian). Argumenty i Fakty. 2014-10-04.

External linksEdit