Volkan (newspaper)

Volkan (Ottoman Turkish: Volcano) was a short-lived daily newspaper published in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire. The paper was in circulation between 1908 and 1909 and was one of the Islamist publications which were launched in the Second Constitutional period.[1]

Volkan
TypeDaily newspaper
Founder(s)Derviş Vahdeti
Editor-in-chiefDerviş Vahdeti
Founded11 December 1908
Political alignmentPan-Islamist
LanguageOttoman Turkish
Ceased publication20 April 1909
HeadquartersConstantinople

History and profileEdit

Volkan was started by Derviş Vahdeti in Constantinople on 11 December 1908.[2][3] Vahdeti asked for financial support from Sultan Abdulhamit before launching the paper.[4] However, this request was not accepted.[4]

The publisher of Volkan was Derviş Vahdeti.[5] He edited the daily until 20 April 1909 when he was arrested.[3] At the beginning the paper was supportive of the new constitution and relatively liberal.[2] However, following the establishment of the Mohammadan Union by Vahdeti the paper became its organ and an ardent critic of the Committee of Union and Progress.[2][6] The paper published the articles by Said Nursî, future leader of the Nur movement.[7] The articles began to be written in a militant style.[4] Vahdeti argued in the articles published in Volkan that the Committee should obey the Islamic principles.[8] It also published anti-Semitic materials.[9] Volkan produced a total of 110 issues during its lifetime.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ceren Sözeri (2019). "The transformation of Turkey's Islamic media and its marriage with neo-liberalism". Southeast European and Black Sea Studies. 19 (1): 156. doi:10.1080/14683857.2019.1579413.
  2. ^ a b c Feroz Ahmad (January 1991). "Politics and Islam in Modern Turkey". Middle Eastern Studies. 27 (1): 4. JSTOR 4283411.
  3. ^ a b Talha Murat (2020). The political ideas of Derviş Vahdeti as reflected in Volkan newspaper(1908-1909) (MA thesis). Sabancı University. Archived from the original on 28 November 2021.
  4. ^ a b c David Farhi (October 1971). "The Şeriat as a Political Slogan: Or the 'Incident of the 31st Mart'". Middle Eastern Studies. 7 (3): 283. doi:10.1080/00263207108700182.
  5. ^ Jeremy Salt (Spring 2015). "Turkey's Counterrevolutio: Notes from the Dark Side". Middle East Policy. XXI (1): 123. doi:10.1111/mepo.12118.
  6. ^ Christine M. Philliou (2021). Turkey. A Past Against History. Oakland, CA: University of California Press. p. 52. ISBN 9780520276390.
  7. ^ Şükran Vahide (2003). "Toward an Intellectual Biography of Said Nursi". In Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi' (ed.). Islam at the Crossroads: On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-7914-8691-7.
  8. ^ Renée Worringer (2004). "Sickman of Europe or Japan of the Near East?: Constructing Ottoman Modernity in the Hamidian and Young Turk Eras". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 36 (2): 217. doi:10.1017/S0020743804362033.
  9. ^ Marc David Baer (Fall 2013). "An Enemy Old and New: The Dönme, Anti-Semitism, and Conspiracy Theories in the Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic". Jewish Quarterly Review. 103 (4): 531. doi:10.1353/jqr.2013.0033.
  10. ^ M. Ertuğrul Düzdağ. "Volkan". Encyclopedia of Islam. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021.