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Vlas Yakovlevich Chubar (Ukrainian: Влас Якович Чубар; Russian: Вла́с Я́ковлевич Чуба́рь) (22 February [O.S. 10 February] 1891 – 26 February 1939) was a Ukrainian Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician. Chubar was arrested during the Great Terror of 1937-38 and executed early in 1939.

Vlas Chubar
Vlas Czubar.jpg
People's Commissar for Finance
In office
16 August 1937 – 19 January 1938
PremierVyacheslav Molotov
Preceded byHryhoriy Hrynko
Succeeded byArseny Zverev
2nd Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR
In office
15 July 1923 – 28 April 1934
PremierAlexey Rykov
Preceded byChristian Rakovsky
Succeeded byPanas Lyubchenko
Candidate member of the 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th Politburo
In office
3 November 1926 – 1 February 1935
Personal details
Born
Vlas Yakovlevich Chubar

(1881-02-10)10 February 1881
Fedorovka, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Imperial Russia
Died26 February 1939(1939-02-26) (aged 58)
Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Political partyAll-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks)
EducationAlexander Mechanics and Technical College
ProfessionEconomist

The top Communist Party official in the Ukraine during the 1932-33 famine, Chubar was posthumously held culpable for those events by a Ukrainian court in 2010.

Early careerEdit

Chubar was from an ethnic Ukrainian family.[1] He was born in Fedorovka, Yekaterinoslav Governorate, Russian Empire (now in Polohy Raion, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Chubar became a Marxist revolutionary early in life and joined the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in 1907. He rose through the ranks during the Russian Civil War and became a member of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party in 1921. On July 13, 1923 Chubar replaced Christian Rakovsky as Chairman of the Ukrainian Sovnarkom. He became a candidate (non-voting) member of the Central Committee's Politburo in November 1926.

The Great PurgeEdit

 
Vlas Chubar and Artemic Khalatov 1936

In 1934 Chubar was transferred to Moscow, where he became Deputy Chairman of the national Council of People's Commissars and Deputy Chairman of the USSR Council of Labor and Defense. In February 1935 Chubar was made a full member of the Politburo. He briefly served as the Soviet People's Commissar of Finance between August 16, 1937 and January 19, 1938. In 1938 Chubar was appointed the chief of the Solikamsk construction for the GULAG of Soviet Commissariat of Interior. There he was arrested during the Great Purge in June 1938 and executed in February 1939. The Soviet government cleared Chubar of all charges during the first wave of destalinization in 1955.

HolodomorEdit

In 2010, a Ukrainian criminal court concluded that Chubar, along with other leaders of Soviet Ukraine, bore personal responsibility for the Holodomor.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Magocsi, Paul R. (2010). A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples. University of Toronto Press. p. 574. ISBN 1442610212.
  2. ^ http://apcourtkiev.gov.ua/control/uk/publish/article?art_id=41962&cat_id=35857

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Hryhoriy Hrynko
People's Commissar of Finance
1937 – 1938
Succeeded by
Arseny Zverev