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In chemistry, vitriol is an archaic name for a sulfate. The name comes from the Latin word "vitriolum" for "glassy", as crystals of several metallic sulfates resemble pieces of colored glass.
Vitriol with no further qualification often means sulfuric acid.
- Black vitriol, a mixture of iron(II) sulfate and iron sulfide
- Blue vitriol, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate CuSO4·5H2O
- Green vitriol, iron(II) sulfate heptahydrate FeSO4.7H2O
- Oil of vitriol, sulfuric acid
- Red vitriol, cobalt(II) sulfate heptahydrate
- Roman vitriol, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Spirit of vitriol, sulfuric acid
- Sweet oil of vitriol, diethyl ether (not a sulfate)
- Vitriol of argile or vitriol of clay, aluminium sulfate (alum)
- Vitriol of Cyprus, copper(II) sulfate pentahydrate
- Vitriol of Mars or vitriol martial, iron(III) sulfate
- White vitriol, zinc sulfate heptahydrate
Many other names have the obvious meaning given that "vitriol" means "sulfate": for example, vitriol of lead is lead sulfate, and so on.
|This set index page lists chemical compounds articles associated with the same name.
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