Visible Multi Object Spectrograph
The Visible Multi-Object Spectrograph (VIMOS) is a wide field imager and a multi-object spectrograph installed at the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT), in Chile. The instrument used for deep astronomical surveys delivers visible images and spectra of up to 1,000 galaxies at a time.
The Franco-Italian instrument operates in the visible part of the spectrum from 360 to 1000 nanometers (nm). In the conceptual design phase, the multi-object spectrograph then called VIRMOS included an additional instrument, NIMOS, operating in the near-infrared spectrum of 1100–1800 nm.
Operating in the three different observation modes, direct imaging, multi-slit spectroscopy, and integral field spectroscopy, the main objective of the instrument is to study the early universe through massive redshift surveys, such as the VIMOS-VLT Deep Survey.
Galaxy NGC 7424 seen by VIMOS
The Antennae Galaxies, one of VIMOS' first images
VIMOS images the 500 million light years distant galaxy cluster ACO 3341
VIMOS sees cluster NGC 6118 at a distance of 80 million light-years
- "VIMOS – Visible Multi Object Spectrograph (Summary)". ESO. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "VIMOS – General Description (Overview)". ESO. 23 March 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "VIMOS and NIRMOS: Status Report" (PDF). ESO. March 1998.
- "New Light on Dark Energy—Probing the cosmic Web of the Universe". ESO (eso0804, Science Release). 30 January 2008.
- "VIMOS—Visible Multi-Object Spectrograph". ESO. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "VIMOS—a Cosmology Machine for the VLT. Successful Test Observations With Powerful New Instrument at Paranal". ESO (eso0209, Science Release). 13 March 2002.